In the days of the Russian Empire Alaska was a territory of 1.5 million sq. Km in the east is bordered by Canada, which was under the protectorate of the British Empire.The territory of this was not enough and sparsely inhabited.The ethnic composition was represented by Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts and 2500 Russian.
Nordic lands were long considered unfit for habitation and therefore absorbed mainly by private companies without state participation.In 1799 he founded the exclusive Russian-American Company (RAC), which until the early 19th century, engaged mainly in Alaska fur production.Revenue from this fishery could not cover the expenses for the development and maintenance of the territory.In addition, the lack of state support for affected security to Alaska drew atten
tion to the British Empire, the Russian Empire which was in a very unfriendly way.
the first time the idea of ​​the sale of Alaska in 1853, announced the governor of the Eastern Siberia - Earl N.Ants-Amur, explaining its position that the entire territory of North America there is a rapid development of the railway network, which made more accessible to Alaska and the British Empire became more and more insistent in trying to penetrate to Alaska.Conclude that Russia somehow lose the northern lands, the Count came out with an offer to sell in North America.
In the same year, the British Navy attempted a landing in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.The government of North America, fearing the intervention of Britain, came out with a proposal to Russia to make a deal (three years), which would have carried a fictitious character, the sale of the Russian-American company all its holdings in seven million.The transaction has not been concluded.
Next offer for the sale of Alaska was initiated by Alexander II- brother Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich, but Russian Foreign Minister Gorchakov offered to postpone the solution of this issue before the end of the term of office of the Russian-American Company.Validity period ended in 1862.At that time, America was engulfed in civil war, and the deal never took place.
In 1866, a meeting was held under the leadership of Alexander II, the sale of Alaska, at the same meeting was delineated boundary sold territory.Signing the agreement on sale of Alaska to the United States in March 1867.