Guide
1
political system can be structured on different grounds.Thus, it is isolated elements based on various political roles (or functions) of the subjects.This, in particular, socializing, adapt, regulatory, extraction, distributive responsive functions.
2
According to the institutional approach structure of the political system varies based on the needs of the allocation, which serves a particular institution.Thus, the goal of the state is to represent the public interest, the parties express the interests of particular classes and social groups.
3
most widespread in political science was a systematic approach.In the framework of isolated institutional, regulatory and communication subsystem.Together they form a coherent political system.Of key importance in the political system belongs to the instit
utional (or organization) system.It includes a set of public and private institutions and rules that affect the political life of society.The place in the political system belongs to the state, which concentrates in its hands the power and financial resources, have the right to enforcement of their own free will, and also distributes values ​​in society.In addition to the state in the institutional subsystem includes political and non-political institutions: political parties, lobby groups, civil society, the media, the church and others.
4
Regulatory subsystem includes socio-political and legal norms that regulate political life andthe implementation of political power.These include customs and traditions, basic values ​​that exist in the society, ie,all the things that rely on government institutions in fulfilling their roles.Normative subsystem can be divided into formal and informal components.It refers to the formal rules of constitutional, administrative and financial law, it defines the key rules of society.The informal aspect is expressed through a set of sub-cultures, mentalities, the priority values, beliefs and standards.Often it is separated into the individual culture subsystem.It is essential for the functioning of the political system, as is the more homogeneous society on cultural grounds, the higher the efficiency of the political institutions.
5
Based on formal and informal norms, political actors interact, ie,in communication between each other.In the course of political communication messages are exchanged, which are important for the course of policy.There are "horizontal" and "vertical" communication.In the first case, the communication made between subjects that are on the same level as in the social ladder.For example, between elites and ordinary citizens.In the second case it is about communication between the various elements of the political system.For instance, between the citizens and the political parties.Functions can perform communication media, the Internet and other channels, for example, personal contacts between people.