Guide
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beginning of perestroika the Soviet leadership led the negative developments in the political and economic life of the country.The new leadership of the country seemed to be enough to give the economy accelerated to create conditions for the transition to the free development of the national economy, to ensure transparency so that the country came to the forefront in the world.The first phase of the restructuring, which began in 1985 and lasted about two years, was met with enthusiasm in the society.
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However, by the end of the 80s it became clear that "redecorating" the old administrative system of governance will not lead t
o the desired results.Therefore embarked on the implementation of the principles of the market economy in farming, which was the first step the country to capitalism.By the end of the decade the country was in acute political and economic crisis, which required radical solutions.
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Since the summer of 1988, the second phase of perestroika reforms.The country began to form cooperatives, strongly encourage private economic initiative.It was assumed that after three or four years the Soviet Union will be able to fully integrate into the global system of capitalist economy, referred to as "free market."Such decisions fundamentally violated all the principles of the former Soviet economy and breaking the ideological foundations.Communism in the Soviet Union to the beginning of the last decade of the XX century has ceased to be the dominant ideology.
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road to the market has been extremely difficult.In 1990, on the shelves of local stores are almost no goods.The funds that were held by the public, gradually ceased to be a measure of prosperity, because they could buy a little.There was growing discontent with the course of the government, which is clearly directed society to a standstill.
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Party leadership embarked on the third phase of restructuring.From the officials, party leaders demanded to develop a program of transition to this market, which would be attended by private ownership of the means of production, free competition and the independence of enterprises.Against this background, a mid-1990 BNYeltsin in Russia actually formed its own center of political power, independent of central leadership.
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Perestroika reflected in the internal political processes in the country.In June 1990, the Russian parliament adopted the Declaration of Sovereignty, which cancels the priority of federal law.An example of Russia became contagious to other republics of the USSR, the political elites who also dreamed of independence.It began the so-called "parade of sovereignties", which quickly led to the actual disintegration of the Soviet Union.
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turning point in Russian history, put an end to restructuring, were the events of August 1991, later called "August putsch."The group of high-ranking leaders of the USSR announced the creation of the State Emergency Committee (Emergency Committee).But this attempt to return the country to its former political and economic mainstream was thwarted efforts BNYeltsin quickly seized the initiative.
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After the failure of the coup in the Soviet system of government has changed dramatically.A few months later the Soviet Union broke up into several independent states.So it ended not only restructuring, but the whole era of the great socialist power.