«The king is dead - long live the king»

was after conductors of the late ruler, usually begins confusion and divisions in the state.The average man the late Middle Ages it was impossible to imagine that the representative of the divine sovereignty could somehow get from the heights of power.

Why this happened is still debated by historians, many individual and whole school.But there is one common response to different concepts - power model.

The Roman emperor could not renounce his own power, simply because the power was transmitted not only from generation to generation.As often happens, according to various historical sources, became heirs to the throne are not the children of the ruling dynasty.

and under favorable circumstances and pol
itical success of a force, "first person" is a person who, in principle, unrelated to power.

Later, when assassinations of emperors or their destruction in the war gave way to subtle intrigues began to emerge a new model of the state government - monarchy.

New History

Once entrenched monarchy on the basis of its constitution was established and the corresponding monarchical branch.That from now on there is a tendency to renounce power often in favor of their children.

For example, Charles V Habsburg emperor Netherlands abdicated.He tried to build a pan-European Holy Roman Empire, the idea that failed, and his rule has become impossible for him the same as the new ruler of his son Philip.

A famous Napoleon Boanapart twice became Emperor of France, and twice he was deprived of the throne.

actually settled monarchical power - it is the consistent transfer of cases to the future heir, since his childhood.To power passed without bloodshed, many rulers gave it to their children before the end of his reign.For this shape public meeting, which takes the abdication of the emperor or empress.

Logically this power should result in death of the ruler, but that it passed it to one of the children, the head of state formally announces his intention, calling the name of his successor.

This political reception - abdication, known since the establishment of the monarchy as the most common form of government in Europe.

in recent European history, in 2013 and 2014 occurred two voluntary abdication: Belgian King Albert II and King Juan Carlos of Spain abdicated in favor of his sons, signing the relevant documents in the presence of representatives of Parliament.

in Russia

In our history, there have been no voluntary renunciation.The Death of Ivan the Terrible, which led to the abolition of the Rurik dynasty, a conspiracy against Paul I, intrigue among the entourage of Peter and more evidence of the difficult transition of family power.After each such event turmoil began and almost complete dissolution of the state in the next conqueror.

first emperor, who abdicated in the XX century became Nicholas II.It is a tragic collapse of the state led to the abdication of the emperor.Failure to power was formally voluntary, but in fact came under heavy duress.

This refusal was made on the signature of the king's abdication in favor of "the people", in fact, represented by the Bolsheviks.After that, Russia has begun the new story.