Stone Age man was almost helpless before the forces of nature.In order to survive, he had to act together with others.Just as the ancient people had a chance to defend themselves from predators, or get food on the hunt.But to the joint activity was a success, it is necessary was to coordinate the overall effort.That is, someone had to supervise the work of all members of the tribal community.So the leader usually becomes the most experienced and skilled hunter or elder, many knowledgeable and able.He allocates responsibilities, monitor their implementation, punish negli
gent or incompetent relatives.Thus it appeared the first rudiments of government.
Over time, early humans learned to use fire, make better tools and hunting, mastered agriculture.Now they produce more game, harvest.They often appear surplus products, products of animal skins, which had to be protected from other tribal communities are not so lucky in hunting and agriculture and living in less favorable areas.This required military leaders - leaders who have great power.The chief had the right to command, as well as severely punish the coward or disobedient.
subsequently began a gradual transition from a tribal community to the neighboring community.Now, people do not live under the same roof in a large dormitory building, or in a cave, do not go together in the hunting, fishing or field of work.However, they still often need protection from hostile neighbors.It could also be a need for emergency general work (for example, natural disasters).And this needed power that obeyed all members of the community.Therefore, the role of the leader has become even more significant.Moreover, often the post became hereditary, handed down from father to son.
After the collapse of the primitive communal system, with further growth in production there is a need in the state as in management, which establishes common rules for all occasions, and monitors their implementation.So a government.