November 7, 1917 in Russia there was a coup, which resulted in the Bolsheviks came to power.This date has become a holiday and called the day of the Great October Socialist Revolution, while in November 1996, then-President Boris Yeltsin did not rename the holiday the Day of Reconciliation and Accord.However, the tradition of break failed, and 7 November and perceived supporters and opponents of the communist ideology as the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution.
In 2004, it was the intention of the government to cancel the holiday.That citizens do not feel robbed in return was required to offer an ideologically grounded outlet.The nearest suitable date turned out November 4 - the feast of Our Lady of Kazan icon associated with importa
nt historical events that took place in Russia in the early XVII century.
After the death of Ivan the Terrible and accession to the throne in 1598 of Boris Godunov, the country began a very difficult period, known as the Time of Troubles, or embarrassed.A few lean years, a terrible famine brought down the country's economy into the abyss.The discontent fueled by the representatives of the people of boyars, who dreamed yourself to sit on the royal throne.
Power Boris was, in modern terms, illegitimate, since it accounts for only legal heir brother-Fyodor Ivanovich.Besides the country, there were persistent rumors that Boris had sent mercenaries killed the youngest son of John IV Dmitry - that God's wrath on the murderer explained all the punishment which befell Russia.The power weakened, intensified lawlessness, growing crime.
difficult situation took the King of Poland, who supported the false pretender Dmitri in his claim to the throne.In 1604, the Polish intervention began in June of 1605 the Poles occupied Moscow.In May 1606 an impostor was killed during the uprising raised by boyar Shuisky, Poles expelled from Moscow.However, most of the country remained under occupation.
Russian boyars inability to agree among themselves and to sacrifice personal interests for the good of the country led to the fact that in September 1610 the Polish army under the command of Prince Wladyslaw occupied Moscow, and a year later the Crimean Tatars ravaged Ryazan.
outrages perpetrated by the invaders provoked popular anger.In 1612, the clerk of the mayor of Nizhni Novgorod Kuzma Minin militia assembled, ready to fight with the Poles.Command of the People's Army Minin invited Prince Dmitry Pozharsky.
8 November 4, 1612 (Gregorian calendar) militia Minin and Pozharsky smashed the Poles from China Town, November 9, the Polish garrison held the Kremlin surrendered.In China Town Prince Pozharsky entered with the icon of the Kazan Mother of God in his hands, and then became co-regent of the Russian state until the election of a new king, entered the local (Moscow) the veneration of icons.
2 months later took vsesoslovnogo Council, at which representatives of all the towns and estates chose a new Russian tsar, Mikhail Romanov.However, the Poles did not accept their defeat and up to 1618 attempted to seize Russia.