Guide
1
supreme legislative body is a bicameral Parliament of France.The National Assembly - the lower house.Its members are elected by direct vote for a term of five years.The upper house called the Senate and represents the interests of the individual areas of the country.Senators are elected for a term of nine years through indirect elections through college departments.Every three years, the Senate of France, one-third of its members.
2
Both houses of parliament have similar competence.The difference in their work relating to the scope of parliamentary control and the features make laws.In certain
cases, the head of state has the right to dissolve the lower house, but in the Senate the powers of the President shall not apply.President of the Senate has a special status, and ranks third in the hierarchy of State after the President and the Prime Minister.When you release the job the president is temporarily takes the place is chairman of the Senate.
3
Division of the French parliament have their own rules of procedure, which is based on legislation and constitutional provisions.In both houses, there are factions.Most of the work in Parliament are special commissions established on a permanent or temporary basis.Each commission usually represented all factions of Parliament.
4
Along with the government members of Parliament have the right of legislative initiative.Each of laws passed through the respective chambers of the Commission and three readings in parliament.The law is considered adopted if it is approved both chambers.When between the parts of the parliament during the discussion of the bill there is a disagreement, the law takes a long completion as long as the text is not fully harmonized.
5
After the adoption of laws in Parliament is considering their head of state.He can express his disagreement with the draft and send it to lawmakers for reconsideration.If the bill in its previous version a second time will be approved by both houses, the president has no right to dismiss.This procedure demonstrates the power of the legislative branch that can compete with the opinion of the President.
6
Political scientists, referring to France to mixed ("semi") republics, paying attention to the fact that in this country there are elements of both presidential and parliamentary.As a result, the power is almost equally divided between the head of state and representative body.The decisions of the president and the parliament are equally dependent on the activities of the government.