Most classical theories considered by the authorities as the abilities and capabilities of the private agency.With the help of the authorities can determine the activities and behavior of people.There are different types of power - social, economic, patriarchal.But a special place belongs to political power becauseit is distinguished by the rule and binding power solutions.
power as a social phenomenon consists of two elements - the source and the subject.Sources of power can be very different.Among them distinguish the authority or the power law.Power is always subjectivity.At the same time it acts as a reversible element, suggesting the dominance of the ruler on the object.As the subject of the impact of the powerful may act by individuals or social groups, institutions, organizations or the state.They affect the behavior o
f other people, groups, classes (objects of power) through orders, submission, punishment or rationing.Authorities did not happen without obedience object.
Authority performs a number of socially important functions.It is the integration of society, regulation and stabilization of life, as well as motivation.The government must strive for social progress, as well as contribute to the improvement of society.To maintain law and order, countering crises and conflicts authorities can exercise their repressive functions.
phenomenon of power lies in the fact that, on the one hand, the government gives the ability to satisfy their ambitions through the use of other people for their own purposes (this is reflected in the division of society into masters and slaves), and on the other,power - the way to social integration and ordering of society.
The scientific literature presents a variety of interpretations to the definition of power, which focus on different aspects of this phenomenon.The most widely teleological, behavioral, systemic, functional and psychological approaches.
Teleological theories treat power as a way to achieve their goals.They spread the power not only to relations between people and social groups, but also on the interaction between man and nature.The latter refers to the power of man over nature.
Behavioral (or behavioral) theory of power is interpreted as a particular type of behavior.In the framework of some men dominate, and others - are subject.Proponents of this approach believe that power is the source of a personal motivation of people to the ruling, becauseThis allows a person to acquire wealth, a certain social status, security and so forth.
Psychological theories attempt to understand the subjective motivation of the desire for power.According to supporters of psychoanalysis, it is due to the sublimation of the repressed libido, the desire to compensate for the spiritual or physical disability.The emergence of dictatorial totalitarian regimes, according to psychological theory, connected with the desire of leaders to compensate for injuries sustained as a child.
Supporters systematic approach associated with the appearance of power with the need to ensure social communication for the implementation of common goals.The authorities, in their opinion, makes it possible to integrate society and the conflicts between different groups.
functional theory considers power as a way to self-organization of society.Its proponents believe that it is impossible without the existence of a normal person.In their opinion, the very social fabric dictates the feasibility of separation of functions for the management and submission.