That generally means entering the state in the WTO?First of all, the reduction of customs duties on exports and imports.For Russia, this simple formulation actually entails complex processes in the domestic and foreign markets.Fees will decrease - which means that there will be new importers and old will be easier to sell goods.On the one hand, it can cause a drop in prices on the shelves.But do not forget that Russia today is a huge amount of outdated production facilities, which can permanently lose their profitability.
simple language, before a piece of meat from abroad, passing through customs in Russia, raised in its price due to high duties.And Russian buyer was cheaper to buy the products of the local pig farms.Now, when the price of "overseas" pork fel
l, the local goods no interest, because the production on the pig farm survived solely by domestic consumers, giving the quality of imported, but expensive, product.
Among the reasons for the negative consequences of WTO accession for Russia and called the high level of corruption.Expenditure on the pig farm itself is already too high to compete with imports: equipment - outdated, the introduction of cost-effective innovation - at zero.But, among other things, part of the profit is spent on the purchase of apartments, houses and cars manual.
Thus, it can be assumed that in such a struggle to survive manufacturing, are not inferior in quality imported goods, according to cost-effectiveness.And there, analysts say, Russia is not enough.And among the disabled industries referred, in particular, it is important for the country, such as agriculture, engineering.This will lead, according to the most unfavorable forecast, to the collapse of enterprises, desolation territories and, consequently, the loss of a huge number of jobs.
In addition, favorable conditions for the promotion of large enterprises, corporations in Russia.This will lead to the fact that virtually disappear niche medium and small businesses in the domestic market.
justify whether these predictions or not, will be seen only after a few years.In the meantime, the government and enterprises in Russia are trying to find workarounds to the survival of the domestic economy.The country invited investors enter into contracts with large companies are trying to modernize production and to fight corruption.
Tip 2: Why to join the WTO are negatively
negotiations on Russia's accession to the WTO lasted almost 18 years.And then, finally, August 22, 2012 the protocol on joining of the Russian Federation of the international organization came into force.However, this event has caused mixed reactions like inhabitants, and recognized experts.
against Russia joining the World Trade Organization protested by many experts: economists, financiers, deputies, farmers, representatives of the majority of industries.However, their arguments were not heard by the Russian government.Now, citizens will see in practice, the rules were the representatives of the expert community or wrong when drawing attention to the negative consequences of Russia's membership in the WTO.
So, what is the range of problems may lie heavy burden on the shoulders of the Russians after the recent steps the government?Analysts at the Centre "WTO-Inform" and the Institute of Globalization and Social Movements estimated that after 8 years, the Russian economy due to the WTO accession will lose about 26 billion rubles.This figure includes not only direct loss, but also missed opportunities for growth.Begin to raise domestic prices of energy resources, including gas.
By pessimistic forecasts of researchers by 2020, about 4.4 million Russians will become unemployed.This is especially true of those who work in the field of aviation and automobile industry, textile, footwear and leather, sugar, electronics and others. These industries will not be able to withstand competition.
According to the signed agreements, Russia will reduce import duties on foreign goods.The result of this step will be that the goods would be unprofitable to produce in Russia.Most of all it will affect agriculture.Hurt grain producers, pork, milk and poultry.After all, foreign farmers is much better equipped than the Russian farmers.And subsidies from their states receive much more and on more favorable terms.
Ultimately, all this will have an impact on consumers: domestic agriculture will come to a final decline, the country will be imported substandard imported food, including meat and peremorozhennoe dangerous genetically modified vegetables.The fact that the agreements at the WTO Russia no longer be able to impose a ban on the import and even to label foods with GMOs.All this can lead to increased morbidity and increased mortality among Russians.
Expert community fears that Russia would lose its economic sovereignty.Transnational corporations can receive Russian raw materials at low prices, and modern technology, which is hoping to obtain our country, will not be available.