head of state is elected in Venezuela in direct universal suffrage by a simple majority for a period of 6 years.At the same time one and the same person may be re-elected to the post an unlimited number of times.The next presidential elections in Venezuela, scheduled for 7 October 2012, as stated in the decision of the National Electoral Council of the country.

According to the newspaper "Izvestia", this year for the presidency will fight the current President Hugo Chavez and opposition candidate Henrique Capriles.Registration of candidates is carried out according to the law in early June.Besides Chavez and Capriles application for parti
cipation in the elections filed several candidates, but the real chances of winning are only two of them, experts say.

From a formal point of view, the right to nominate their candidates for the presidency have all the political parties in Venezuela, which number more than fifty.However, not all of them are rushing to take advantage of this right.

preliminary independent polls indicate that for Chavez ready to vote more than 50% of the electorate, which is 13% higher than the potential result of a single candidate from the Democratic Unity bloc Henrique Capriles.Until the registration Capriles was governor of Miranda State.

President Chavez in an interview one of the state television was confident of victory, stressing that the fully recovered from the operation, through which passed in 2011, and completely healthy.Hugo Chavez has been in power in Venezuela since 1999, and in 2012 he will run for president for the fourth time.During the reign of Chavez in the country it was made a number of important social transformations.Reduce unemployment, it nationalized the oil industry and the iron and steel industry.State-owned companies tend to conduct their activities on the Soviet model.