Preparations for war

Adolf Hitler believed from the outset was signed between Germany and the Soviet Union Non-Aggression Pact only a temporary measure, to delay the start of the war between the states.The German command to prepare for war in advance.More December 18, 1940 the supreme leadership of Germany was signed Directive №21, better known as "Plan Barbarosa" - large-scale tactical operation to attack the USSR.Since the entry into force of the military plan, he suggested waging war to destroy the communists and Jews who, according to the German fascists, were "racial basis" hostile regime.

Gremanii attack on the Soviet Union

June 22, 1941, Germany invaded the Soviet Union.This happened less than two years after the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact - the agreement on non-aggression between the two countries.Europea
n powers and the Soviet intelligence repeatedly warned the ruling clique of the military build Germany's borders.Ignoring these warnings, due to various reasons, it has led to an almost instantaneous invasion three million German troops, as well as half a million troops of the German allies.With this tactical advantage of surprise, and the Soviet army at the beginning of the war it was demoralized, almost broken and cut off the supply.

Following the German army, which is enormous pace advancing deep into the territory of the Soviet Union, followed by mobile killing squads which carried out operations on the mass extermination of local residents.

military successes of Germany at the end of 1941

By early September 1941, German troops were able to come to Leningrad on the northern front, to seize Smolensk at the central and Dnepropetrovsk on the southern front.By year end, the Nazi army approached Moscow.

At this point, the German forces began to dwindle rapidly.Command hoped for a quick end to the war and the capitulation of the Soviet Union, why not equip his army to winter military campaign.In addition, the troops advanced deep into the enemy of the state, thereby leaving their advance units without supply.

Soviet counteroffensive

Taking advantage of this situation, the Soviet Union in December 1941 made a large-scale offensive, forcing the German forces retreat from Moscow.Just a few weeks later, tszhe in early 1942, the German Army was able to halt the advance of the Soviet troops near Smolensk.