Guide
1
state as a political institution has a number of features.Among the most important are the territory, sovereignty and population.
2
state localized in a certain area.This distinguishes it from the tribal or political associations.The territory is indivisible, inviolable (it is expressed in the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of another state), exclusive and inalienable.The state, which has lost its territory, ceases to be.
3
main trend of the modern world is the gradual erosion of the state.This is reflected in the formation of supranational blocs and alliances, as well as to limit the influence of the state on its territory at the expense of the information or external influences - another state.Also in the political life of the growing influence of transnatio
nal corporations.However, these trends do not mean the withering away of the territory as a state element.On the contrary, its value is still very large.This is confirmed by the ongoing conflict over disputed territories, or for maintaining the unity and integrity of the state.
4
inapplicable Another attribute is the population of the state.This is a human community that lives in a particular area.The population is not identified with the nation.Since the state can be multinational and combine multiple nationalities.This ethnic community is not always the backbone for the country (for example, in the United States or Switzerland).The state population is not only a common origin and culture, but the economic and civilian components.Have a holistic people - the foundation of stability and integrity of the state system.While the existence of a split social or religious grounds can be the basis for the formation of conflict in the country and poses a threat to its territorial integrity.
5
defining feature of the state is the sovereign power.It involves independent of external forces, the rule of power in the state.Sovereignty is power expressed in its universality (ie, spreading the influence of the entire population), and the rule of the exclusive right to legitimate violence.State power is often described in two categories - the legitimacy and legality.In the latter case we are talking about its legal status.The legitimacy of power - a subjective phenomenon, it reflects the confidence in the government on the part of the state's population.