Where and when the first Communist doctrine
Ideas just society without private property appeared in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece and some other regions.It is known that many of the elements of communism were, for example, among the Egyptian priests, Jewish prophets, the Greek philosophers.
In their quest for universal equality then "communists" often went too far.For example, the ancient Greek sophists felt it necessary not only to the community of any property, but even their wives and children.Exactly the same views are held by the great philosopher Plato.Such ideas caustically mocked the famous playwright Aristophanes in his comedy "Women's Society."
supporter of communist ideas w
as the famous philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras.He and his disciples lived in a large commune, all the property that is jointly owned.
communist ideas of the Middle Ages and later times
In the V century widespread teaching of Pelagius - Christian, who claimed that man is sinful by nature, and that the rich do not get access to the kingdom of God.Pelagius promoted the idea of a complete renunciation of property.In centuries XI- XIII.in many European countries to spread the teachings of the Cathars, which contained many of the signs of communism.
At the end of the XV century has gained enormous popularity Bogeym Czech preacher, demanded the socialization of all land and compulsory labor, even for the nobility and clergy.And in the XVI century English politician and philosopher Thomas More wrote the famous book "Utopia", which portrayed the ideal (in his opinion) society.Residents of the island nation of Utopia received all necessary from the state, in exchange for a mandatory daily 6-hour labor.
At the beginning of the XIX century English philanthropist Robert Owen began to organize communist communities which, however, did not last long.And in 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, was issued a "Manifesto of the Communist Party", declared the goal of the abolition of the large private property and the construction of the proletarian state.Marx argued that the first stage of building a new just society is socialism, and the second highest - communism.
On the basis of Marxism in the XX century, new communist ideas, Leninism, Trotskyism and Maoism, named by the names of the main ideologists.