How azure coat with leopard first appeared in Estonia
Estonian coat of arms has a long history.The last time it was adopted as a symbol of Estonia before the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990.
At the turn of XII-XIII centuries.German crusaders started active colonization of the Baltic.In 1201 they began the construction of the port city of Riga, forcibly turning the locals pagans to Christianity.Faced with active resistance and realizing that not cope on its own, the Bishop of Riga in 1218 asked for the help of the Danish King Waldemar II.In the summer of 1219, following the Danish troops had seized the land of tribes Estonians, destroyed their castle and in its place began to build a n
ew fortification, giving him the name of the Taanilinna (which means "Danish city"). Subsequently, slightly modified, it began to sound like "Tallinn".
In a sign that this land is now owned by Denmark, the fortress was granted the Danish coat of arms with the image of three azure leopards.
further fate of the coat of arms of Estonia
Baltic lands, including those on which the present-day Estonia, have often been the scene of fierce clashes and passed from hand to hand.Once in 1561 Tallinn was captured by the Swedes, the new owners have created the Duchy of Estland and gave him a modified coat of arms, which were shown not leopards, lions and a golden crown.And after the bloody Northern War (1700 - 1721 gg.) With the Baltic States of Estonia became part of the Duchy of the Russian Empire.Accordingly, the coat of arms has changed again.
a result of the October Revolution and the Civil War, Estonia regained its independence and regained the old Danish coat of arms.But it did not last long.In 1940, Estonia was annexed by the Soviet Union as one of the Soviet republics. Its emblem was an image of crossed hammer and sickle in a frame of pine branches and ears of rye against the rising sun.
After the so-called policy of "perestroika", carried out by the Soviet leadership, headed by MSGorbachev since 1985, has failed in the national republics sharply intensified separatist sentiment.At the forefront of them were the three Baltic states (Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia).A natural result was that even before the official collapse of the USSR in 1990, the government of the Estonian SSR made the decision to return the republic old Danish coat of arms.