Location and history of the archipelago Senkaku
archipelago with a beautiful name as Senkaku, located in the East China Sea, 170 kilometers north-east coast of Taiwan.At about the same distance separates it from the Japanese island of Ishigaki, and some other Miyakojima, located far to the south-west from the mainland of Japan.For tourists, the island is uninteresting, because look at the Senkaku absolutely nothing.This tiny plots of land, nothing remarkable.There's no curious natural features or architectural and historical monuments.The Japanese have for some time used them as a base for fishermen, but has long since stopped due to unprofita
According to the official Japanese version, the Senkaku Islands have long been uninhabited.For this reason, and also because it was not detected signs of finding these islands under the jurisdiction of any country, in 1895 the Government of Japan, based on international law, announced that the Senkaku archipelago is now a part of their state. fair to clarify that Japan based its action also on the "law of the strongest," because China shortly before it was defeated in the war with her.
However, at the end of the Second World War, Japan, agreed to unconditional surrender, lost all the territories acquired in the late XIX century.The largest island of Okinawa, which occupies unique position, also came under the jurisdiction of the United States, along with the Senkaku archipelago.Only in the early 70s, these Americans have returned to the Japanese territory.
It would seem that now belongs archipelago Senkaku in Japan is not and will not be in doubt.But in the early 90-ies of the People's Republic of China, which has become by the time one of the world leaders, he announced that it does not recognize Japanese sovereignty over this archipelago and considers the Diaoyu Islands (Chinese name of the archipelago) is a part of its territory. first doubts about the legality of Japan's sovereignty over the archipelago were made by the Government of Taiwan in the early '70s, but they did not attract attention.
reasons for this territorial dispute between China and Japan
But why seemingly unremarkable tiny island suddenly become "bone of contention"?Geologists discovered that the sea shelf Senkaku contains large oil and gas reserves.A fast-growing Chinese economy needs a lot of energy, the purchase of which is abroad, leaving a lot of money.Therefore, China is trying to assert its sovereignty over the islands to start producing oil and gas on legal grounds.But the Chinese do not advertise their goals related to oil and gas.