Federal Assembly - one of the organs of state power, having legislative functions.Through this structure made representative of the general population, it is going on the development, discussion and adoption of laws.Parliament is also involved in the approval of the state budget.The Federal Assembly has certain control functions.
Russian parliament consists of two independent chambers - the upper and lower.The lower house of the Federal Assembly - the State Duma.Upper - the Federation Council.In the upper house composed of representatives from each subject of the Russian Federation.Its members meet at the time, as well as necessary.The rest of the members of the Federation Council are working in their res
pective regions.
composition of the State Duma shall be elected by the population of the country every five years.Half of the members of the lower house comes to the Duma after the regional elections.Another part is elected by the federal lists of political parties.Deputies of the State Duma's work here on a permanent basis.The work of the two houses of parliament held separately, although in some cases they can be assembled in joint session.
Both chambers of the Federal Assembly shall be independent in its actions.The names "upper" and "lower" parts of the Parliament in respect does not mean that one submits to the other chamber.This terminology reflects the best path that pass the laws before their adoption.Bills are first discussed and adopted by the State Duma, and then arrive at the statement in the Federation Council.The upper house has the right to approve the law or send it to the Duma for a second discussion and revision.
Become a member of the State Duma may be a citizen of Russia, who was 21 years old.It should have the right to participate in elections.Simultaneously be a member of the State Duma and the Federation Council can not.Deputies of the lower chamber can not work in representative bodies at the local level, they are prohibited from the civil service or engage in gainful activity (except for creative, scientific or teaching).
MPs have fairly broad rights and privileges.All members of the Federal Assembly are entitled to immunity as long as they have not expired credentials.They routinely can not hold up, and subjected to a personal search or seizure.Conduct for members of parliament such actions law enforcement can only in special cases provided by law.