Communism - utopian political regime.Best of all it reveals the essence of the slogan, "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs."The implication is that every member of society conscientious work for the common good, which ultimately can satisfy the needs of the population as a whole.It is worth noting that this is directly contrary to the new economic model, becausehuman needs rely for infinity.
Communist society should have a number of characteristics.First of all - the absence of private property and the complete abandonment of the currency in any of its manifestations: each person gets just what he did not want to.As a consequence, there is n
o division into social classes, eliminating the need for the state as such.
introduced a number of reservations, primitive society can be considered communist.The food produced by joint efforts are not for personal use, and for the entire tribe at once, there are no signs of any state, tribal members have no direct authority over one another.
communist utopia precedes socialism.This political regime, according to Marx, capitalism is a transition stage.State begins to give up money and private property, but on the equal distribution of the benefits of speech does not go yet.Each person receives a voucher about how much work he put into the State on the basis of which can receive certain benefits.It is important to note that socialism in the Soviet Union had a distorted shape that creates a lot of points of view on the political system of the state.The most optimistic scenario: "Socialism in the USSR, but only in an undeveloped form".
political regimes of this kind are criticized primarily for the depersonalization of man.Most utopian philosophers agree that the construction of a communist society is only possible if strict control over freedom of speech and egalitarian policy that does not provide any opportunity for personal self-realization.
- New Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- Great Soviet Encyclopedia