By the end of 2001, the Taliban military structure was virtually destroyed, and the resistance of his supporters took on the character of the guerrilla movement.Western countries have invested heavily in the development of democracy and social structure of Afghanistan.In 2004, the country's first presidential elections were won by Hamid Karzai - policies tuned to the West quite loyal.However, to suppress the resistance of the supporters of the Taliban failed.The guerrillas fought fiercely, despite the overwhelming military superiority of
the ISAF.

France, like other members of the alliance, suffered losses in equipment and manpower.During 10 years of war in Afghanistan killed 83 soldiers and wounded several times more.France's decision to participate in the military operation was not very popular among the population, and reports of casualties among French troops intensified discontent with the government.

January 20, 2012 in the province of Kapisa people in the form of four Afghan army shot and wounded 16 French soldiers.After that Nicolas Sarkozy (President of France from 2007 to 2012) said that as the government of Afghanistan can not ensure the security of the French troops, France suspends its military presence in the country.Sarkozy has promised to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan before 2014.

In 2012, he was elected president of France, Francois Hollande, who announced a new plan for withdrawal from Afghanistan.2,000 troops will be withdrawn before the end of 2012, 1400 are as instructors and for the protection of public facilities.The President explained his decision by saying that the danger from terrorists has decreased, democracy strengthened, and the country should develop its own.Head of the republic promised that France would continue to support Afghanistan, but in a different form.