author of the term "palace coup" is considered to be an academician, well-known historian VOKlyuchevskii that era have repeatedly border change of power in Russia: 1725 - 1762 years.Currently, a palace coup include the event associated with the murder of Paul I in March 1801.
Before Peter's time there was a national political tradition transfer of power exclusively the royal heirs.Peter I own "Decree of succession" expanded the range of claiming the throne, so this majestic Russian Emperor can be considered the main culprit of instability that followed his death.
Terms educated Peter military-police state, a long period of reforms and wars depleted forces in the country, as a consequence, there is a need to review the government's course.
sharp increase in power
of the king caused dissatisfaction among the nobility, tensions reached a limit by the end of the reign of Peter.In a palace coup with the fullness reflect the interests of the nobility, who wants to strengthen its political and economic positions.
lack of unity among the ruling elite also contributed to the coup.The split among senior government officials took place shortly before the death of the king, which subsequently led to an acute power struggle between different factions supporting and advancing to the throne of "their" candidate.Achieving its own benefits and benefits were the main purpose of warring groups close to the supreme power.In place of Peter claimed a considerable number of heirs, direct and indirect.
an important driving force in a palace coup represented the Guard, consisting mainly of the nobility: it is with the help of pretenders to the imperial throne could achieve the desired.
large number of palace revolutions of the 18th century was also due to inactivity is very far from the capital policy of the masses.
successor of Peter the Great ruled the country with the help of his entourage, following temporary worker had in the era of absolute power of rulers.Influence of imperial favorites persons on political life in Russia at low absolute power was an important reason for the emergence of new palace coups.
traditionally have prevailed for centuries morality and behavior often overlooked representatives of the new nobility.To gain access to wealth and power, the nobles were very active, retreating from the laws of morality political activities.
instability of political power in Russia completed the golden age of the reign of Catherine II, who ascended the throne, too, in a palace coup.
- palace coup as a social phenomenon
- The era of palace coups