political system - more capacious concept than governance.It includes in its membership of individuals and institutions that influence the process of development and public decision-making.The political system integrates everything that has to do with politics.It characterizes the ideology, culture, norms, customs and traditions.
political system performs a number of important functions.They include the conversion of (or conversion requirements of citizens in the decision), adaptation (or adaptation of the political system to the changing conditions), resource mobilization, consolidation, protection of the political system, distribution of resources, international or foreign policy function.Stable functioning system operates on the basis of the feedback mechanism.He
suggests that the power to make decisions based on the requirements that are formulated by civil society.This mechanism works only in truly democratic societies.While the authoritarian interests of the general are not considered, and the company can not influence the decision-making process.
Along with the state of the political system also includes other non-state and informal institutions.Among them, in particular, political parties, national movements and organizations, churches, local authorities, trade unions, youth organizations and others. The state can act as an arbitrator in disputes between the institutions, coordinate and promote their activities, as well as to prohibit the operation of institutions thatmay destabilize the functioning of the system.The presence of strong non-governmental institutions in the political system shows a high level of development of democracy, as this ensures the representation of the interests of broad social layers.
state acts as a key element of the political system that concentrates the diverse political interests.The special role of the state is due to several reasons.Possession of power makes it the core of the system, as it unfolds around power and political struggle.State - the only institution which has the right to legitimate violence and the bearer of sovereignty.At the same time he owned enormous material resources which allow it to pursue its own policy.
State among all the institutions of the political system has the widest range of tools for influencing the citizens.In particular, it owns and control apparatus of coercion that spread its influence over the whole of society.Whereas the possibility of influence of political parties on citizens rather limited.The state represents the interests of the general population, and Party - supporters of a particular ideology.