«Magnitsky List" or "List Cardin" - a list of the names of Russian officials, related to the death of Sergei Magnitsky.He died in November 2009 in the premises of the hospital detention center Matrosskaya Tishina, and this fact is associated with a lot of questions.In connection with the death of Tridtsatisemiletny auditor and accountant it was a criminal case under two articles - "not helping a patient" and "Failure to fulfill his official duties due to unfair or negligent attitude to service."The matter became public and caused resonance not only in Russia but also abroad.
April 26, 2010, Senator of the United States of America Ben Cardin and Co-Chair of the US Congress Commission on Human Rights, James McGovern turned to Hi
llary Clinton, who served as US Secretary of State, a statement on the prohibition of entry into the territory of their country sixty people, one way or another involved in the caseMagnitsky.To the list of names attached extended descriptions of illegal actions.In the "Magnitsky list" included the deputy head of the Interior Ministry, investigators, judges, prosecutors, prison chiefs and tax, and many other government officials of Russia.
In September 2010, the US Congress voted for the list, a little later - in December - joined the European Parliament.Last I voted for the resolution, which was attributed to the prohibition of entry of officials associated with the case of Magnitsky, to the European Union.The resolution is a recommendation, while in the US - binding.
July 26, 2011 the United States imposed visa restrictions on people from the "Magnitsky list", now 60 officials Interior Ministry, the Federal Security Service, Federal Tax Service, the Arbitration Court, the General Prosecutor's Office and GUIN are not able to enter the United States and the United Kingdom.
To date, the bill is unclear fate.He has to go through the Senate and be signed by President Barack Obama.In the latter, most experts are skeptical, because this fact may undermine the Russian-American relations.
Russia's reaction to the formation of the bill followed pretty quickly.President Vladimir Putin has said that, if adopted, Russia will do the same - create a list of names of persons whose entry into the territory of the Russian Federation will be banned.
- details of the case of Sergei Magnitsky