Parliament and the parliamentary
Parliamentarism has a long history.Parliament first appeared in England in the XIII century and was a body in which there of representation.But the real weight of a mechanism of power gained after the European bourgeois revolutions that took place in XVII-XVIII centuries.Today, the term "parliament" is used to denote all sorts of representative institutions.
Names parliamentary structures are different.In the US and some other US states such a body called the Congress.In France - the National Assembly.In the Ukraine - the Verkhovna Rada.The Russian representative body is called the Federal Assembly.In most democratic countries apply their own national terms.
How does Parliament
each parliament has its own structure.Its members usually include commissions and sectoral committees.These divisions are resolved all major issues directly related to the different aspects of the life of society.The result of the structural units are bills that are subsequently submitted for consideration and approval by the entire Parliament.
Parliaments are single and bicameral.Typically, those States which are built on federal principles have representative bodies, composed of two chambers - the upper and lower.Traditionally, most countries with a bicameral system, the upper chamber is called the senate and the lower - the Chamber of Deputies.This system allows you to find a compromise and balance between the various groups, seeking the conquest of political power.
Parliamentarism: the nature and characteristics of
Parliamentarism - a special way of organizing the supreme representative authority.It is based on the principle of electing the main legislative body of the country.The main function of the parliament - the elaboration and adoption of laws relating to all spheres of society and the state.In most countries, parliaments are working on an ongoing basis throughout the term of office of the people's representatives.
Daily MPs take part in a variety of events held in the legislature.This session, parliamentary hearings and investigations, numerous plenary sessions.Considerable time-consuming work of the deputies in the commissions and committees.Voters form their opinions about the work of the authority of his speeches the most prominent representatives, but the hard work the people's representatives to improve legislation often remains behind the scenes television reports.