The ancient Romans had a law: in the event of a public emergency threatening the very existence of the state, could be elected dictator.The man has a truly immense power th.Suffice it to say that on his orders could be executed without trial any person except the tribune of the people!But the dictator had unlimited power th only six months.Immediately after this 6-month period, he could be charged and brought to trial.
Great French Revolution triumphed also because its
leaders have promised the people to do away with the class privileges and abuses in the courts, to build a just society.But in less than a few years, as the Revolutionary Tribunal on the orders of Robespierre began to create a blatant arbitrariness and lawlessness.With the connivance of the frightened Convention.
A troubled history of Russia?Oh, then that such examples - more than enough.It turns out: in any country and in any age there are no firm guarantees that the highest authority be able to control and "kept in check".Still, there are some rules that can help you at least try to do it.
Firstly, we need a clear separation of powers between the legislative, executive and judicial.And each branch must have a certain autonomy and authority.
Secondly, there must be an influential Institute of High Oversight Services (General Prosecutor's Office, the Supreme Tribunal, the Supreme Court, etc.), which would have the authority to prosecute even high officials.Of course, in strict accordance with the procedures provided by law.
Third, should be guaranteed freedom of the media.For all their faults, they play a significant role in the "taming" of the power and preventing abuse.
Fourth, people should be given the right to a referendum on the termination of powers of senior officials.