Sergei Magnitsky Leonidovich (1972-2009) - the auditor, who worked at consulting firm Firestone Duncan, led by William Browder.November 24, 2008 he was arrested on charges of assistance to the head of the fund William Browder of evading taxes on the territory of the Russian Federation.The arrest was made at the initiative of the police Lieutenant Colonel Artem Kuznetsov, in respect of which was launched earlier verification Security Department of the Interior Ministry.Earlier, in October 2008, about ten days before his arrest, Magnitsky testified related crimes Artem Kuznetsov, which was part of a group of persons involved in the tax fraud on a large scale.
In July 2008, Sergei Magnitsky
discovered huge embezzlement of public funds, through the "tax refund".He started his own investigation and he was able to unravel the criminal scheme with tax fraud, which was initiated by law enforcement officials.Stolen of the amount from the state budget, according to Magnitsky, it was 5.4 billion rubles.
After 11 months of detention - November 16, 2009 - Sergei Magnitsky died in a prison hospital.From the conclusion of the Moscow Public Oversight Commission, it follows that during his stay in prison - about 358 days - Magnitsky was written 450 complaints of violations of the laws of the permanent detention.
In recent months, in the territory of the Butyrka prison, he also made about 20 calls requesting medical assistance in connection with the attacks calculous cholecystitis or acute pancreatitis.The medical care was denied.November 16, 2009 Sergei Magnitsky was transferred from the Butyrskaya prison hospital in Matrosskaya Tishina, where instead of the medical care it put a straitjacket and handcuffed to a bed in solitary confinement.After 1 hour, 30 minutes, with a "procedure", the prisoner died.
In December 2012 the United States passed a law named after Sergei Magnitsky (Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act), introducing personal sanctions against those responsible for violations of human rights and the rule of law.Under this law, any individuals responsible for violation of the International Convention on Human Rights could be included in the list of those to whom may be applied to personal restrictive sanctions.
primarily under the implementation of the law included those Russian citizens who are allegedly involved in the death of Sergei Magnitsky.They are subject to visa restrictions to enter the United States, and sanctions on their financial assets in US banks.The list has two parts: open and closed.Each of them is the State Department and the president's administration can change at will.Following a US list was formed by Britain and the EU.
in the original list drawn up by the United States and published on April 12 included those who were directly responsible for the death of Sergei Magnitsky - just 18 people.Among these officials Interior Ministry, the Federal Security Service, Federal Tax Service, the judge of the Criminal and arbitration courts, the General Prosecutor's Office and the Federal Penitentiary Service.
In May 2014 the list was extended for another 12 people - those who have had direct relevance to the investigation, and a posthumous trial of Sergei Magnitsky.The list also contains doctors jail where he was held, as well as figures of its own investigations against members of the Interior Ministry.Additions have also been made in the closed part of the list, is not subject to publication.
listing of Magnitsky Russian citizens denied entry into the United States, their bank accounts frozen and US citizens are prohibited to enter the list of persons involved in the business and financial relations.
In April 2013, the British Home Office banned the entry of 60 Russian citizens, related to the case of Sergei Magnitsky.The basis of the list of British Interior Ministry has laid down a list of the US Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
International Magnitsky List remains open.Subsequently, it may include any persons suspected of violating the International Bill of Human Rights (UN) and the Convention on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (EU).