protectionism often associated with the principle management's policy of the state or the country, the main feature of which is the strong support of the interests of local producers through hard almost total control over the import of foreign goods into the territory.It also may include other measures, and the impact of financial constraints on the competitiveness of the different groups of goods and services, they are ubiquitous and regulation and price controls at the level of state power.
Protectionism is divided into total and selective, these types exist depending on the amount of coverage the policy of protection of various industries.Among other things, often extracted as a branch, and common or collective protection, there is also a hidden or implicit, corruption and even "green" protect
Interestingly, protectionism as a concept emerged in the 17th century during the rise of the powerful countries of Europe of its domestic production, as one of the main ways to achieve positive balance the budget.
Russia took over the experience of other countries only in the 19-20 century, introducing a huge range of various measures, such as the tightening of state duties and taxes for foreigners, mainly led to a serious development of production, however, was the reason for the poor quality of many domestic products.
the good of
Protectionism is usually good intentions associated with the rise of the national economy and the improvement of a number of demographic indicators, however, many leading economists consider it a violation of the rights of citizens of different countries, it has to do with freedom of choice andbusiness.
Today, the use of such a policy makes it difficult or even impossible in the framework of a single state.The advent of the World Trade Organization in the early nineties of the twentieth century was a new revolution in the world's economic consolidation and nullified the possibility of this ambiguous concept.Despite this, many believe that this model of development is the salvation for the developing countries, where production is only beginning to emerge, and requires a powerful lobbying at the state level and the authorities.