inhabitants of Greece, the cradle of world culture and art, not always were called by the Greeks, and had a completely different name, associated, as a rule, to their place of settlement and habitat.From time immemorial have reached the attention of the so-called Achaeans, which literally translated from the beautiful language of Homer means "men of-war," Greeks bearing and Argives - residents Danubian Plain and the city of Argos, respectively, there are also other Greek tribes, such as the Ionians, Aeolians andDorians.
Later, the residents themselves the greatest scale of those times the country belonging to
the south of the Balkan Peninsula, called their homeland Hellas and themselves, respectively, the Greeks called their mythological ancestor Ellina, the son of Prometheus.
Under Hellas Greeks meant the entire territory inhabited by the Greeks: this Southern Italy and the islands located in the Aegean Sea.For the first time the word "Hellas" is mentioned in the 8th century BC, it was initially decided to celebrate only the inhabitants of the region of Thessaly. word "Greek" was known as a separate branch, nationality, who is considered the forefather of the mythical Pandora's son, whose name was Greek.
known that the Romans the Greeks called all the people of Greece, and later this name was transferred to the Roman and other languages.During the planting of Christian culture or romeoellinami Romeo (the name by which it was to denote only the Romans), and became known as the Greeks, passed under the Christian banner, the pagans still called Hellenes.It is interesting that even today in remote settlements elderly Greek proudly call themselves Romeo.
influence of Christianity
Together with the arrival of Christian beliefs residents began to take Roman names, and often simply called themselves Christians.
In Germany, for example, the word "Greek" sounded like "Griha", that's how the Germans were called Hellas residents.
Interestingly, the name "Hellenes" was lost with the disappearance of the Greek language and the beginning of a revival since the 18th century.Then this very noble word has come to be called the intelligentsia, which was by all means to strive for self-determination and the revival of the Greek identity, which was even established a special liberation movement.In 1821, the National Assembly proclaimed the revival of the Greek Hellenistic state, thus denoting the existence of a new era in Greece.
- what names were among the Greeks