history metropolitan area of Red Gate begins in the XVIII century.It was in this place in 1709, on the orders of Peter I, and has built a wooden Arc de Triomphe.After she entered the Moscow Russian troops victorious in the Northern War.For the extraordinary beauty of the Triumphal Arch people called "red", that is beautiful.
In honor of the coronation of Catherine I, in 1724, broke the old gate, and in their place were built new, also built of wood.They stood for eight years, and burned in a fire in 1732.Triumphal Arch was restored only in 1742, the day of the coronation of Elizabeth.Empress motorcade left the Kremlin, and following through on them in the Lefortovo Palace.
In the eighteenth century wooden Moscow often blazin
g fires.In 1748 Arc de Triomphe again appeared in the fire.It took another five years and the architect Dmitry Ukhtomsky started the construction of the new gate made of stone.The work was done with unprecedented enthusiasm.Moscow hoped that the daughter of Peter liberate Russia from the power of favorites and hated ruler Biron.Money for construction were collected by the Moscow merchants.
stone buildings, located close to the New Basman Street, repeat ancient architecture wooden arch erected by the architects Catherine.Ukhtomsky retained the old form of the gate, but increased their height to 26 meters, added stucco.On the walls were coated emblems of provinces and pictures glorifying the Russian Empire.
Decorated gate eight gilded statues personified courage, loyalty, Abundance, waking economy, Persistence, Mercury and Grace.Above location was surrounded by a halo of brilliant portrait of the Empress Elizabeth.Crowned by a bronze figure of the construction of Fame trumpeting angel.
From the middle of the XVIII century the gates officially called red.Legend attributes this to the fact that through them the way to the Red Village.In the XIX century, the original white walls were painted bright red.In 1825, before the coronation of Nicholas I, the arch was restored.In this portrait of Elizabeth was replaced by the two-headed eagle.Later, Red Gate were decorated with portraits of members of the government, and they hung posters with the image of Lenin.
Moscow has evolved, the arch became interfere with the movement of the city.Since the middle of the XIX century the authorities have repeatedly tried to take down the Red Gate.In 1854, they managed to save only through the intervention of Baron Andrew Delvig.In the city there were trams and, despite the protests of the defenders of antiquity, one of the lines went straight through the arch.By the beginning of XX century the gates began to collapse.The magnificent paintings have been lost, stucco repulsed.
spring of 1926 Red Gate was restored, returned the original walls white and the coat of arms with double-headed eagle was removed, as an element of autocracy.They were removed and statues of angels.They are now in the Museum of History in Moscow.Only a year later began the expansion of the Garden Ring and the Red Gate were demolished.The place where they stood was called the Red Gate Square.May 15, 1935 here was opened metro station of the same name.
second exit to the metro station "Red Gate" is located on the first floor of a tall building.In its place once it was the home of Major-General Fedor Toll in which 3 October 1814 was born Mikhail Lermontov.The memory of the red gate preserved in the interior of the ground lobby, made of red marble.The pavilion is made in the form of an arch and is located along the axis of the former Red Gate.The project was developed by architect Nicholas lobby Ladovsky.
In 1938, the project subway station "Red Gate" won the Grand Prix at the World Exhibition in Paris.Since 1962, the station was called Lermontov.The historical name was returned to her in 1986.