Today, Brazil - a multilingual country.You can hear more than 175 languages and dialects.This is given the fact that over the last century have disappeared about 120 languages.But the official language of Brazil is Portuguese.He is fluent in the entire population of the country.It is used in public institutions, schools, the media.Interestingly, Brazil - the only country in the Americas, which speak Portuguese.On all sides it is surrounded by mostly Spanish-speaking countries.
For many years the Portuguese language in Brazil has found some of its features and has become
somewhat different from the usual Portuguese, which can be heard in most of Portugal and other Portuguese-speaking countries.It was formed Brazilian Portuguese.This is comparable to the British and American varieties of English.
indigenous Indian languages
before colonization and the arrival of Europeans in the Brazilian land the entire territory of modern Brazil was inhabited by Indians.According to different estimates among them was spread from 270 to 1078 languages from 17 linguistic families.Over time, most of them disappeared, until today preserved 145 Indian languages that are prevalent in the Amazon.They speak more than 250 thousand. Man.The Constitution of the Republic of Brazil does not take away from the Indians the right to their own languages.So, in 2003, three Indian languages (baniva, Neengatu, Tucano) received an official status in the state of Amazonas.
Brazil also can be heard more than three dozen languages, belonging to the Germanic, Romance and Slavic language groups spoken by immigrants from Europe and Asia.
From 1824 to 1969 GGHe immigrated to Brazil about a quarter of a million Germans.Most of them settled here between I and World War II.Naturally, for many years the German language has changed significantly, once under Portuguese influence.Today, more than 2 million. People, mostly living in the south of the country, owned by a particular kind of German.
Where Brazil is bordered by Argentina and Uruguay, distributed in Spanish.
When European immigrants populated the south of Brazil, the Asians (immigrants from Japan, Korea, China) are concentrated in large urban centers, where they are not rarely occupy entire neighborhoods.In the Japanese language is spoken by about 380 thousand. Man in Korean - 37 thousand. In São Paulo since 1946 goes yaponskoyazychnaya press.