Guide
1
hard to say what was the first purpose of the dolls - sacred or game that was almost inseparable from each other.Giving baby doll brёvnyshko, clay or wax figure, the mother gave him a toy and charms at a time.Not for nothing in the manufacture of the doll, which is placed in the cradle of the child before its birth, did not use any scissors or a needle to the child's life was "not punctured and sliced."All game doll ancient Slavs had no face, just a white patch without prescribing the eyes, nose, mouth and ears.The doll without a face was considered an inanimate object, not accessible to the universe in her evil forces (which is known to enter through the eyes and mouth, at least through the nose and ears).This doll could not have come to life and harm the
baby.
2
Handicraft dolls came from the XVI century, but until the XVIII century, even the children of wealthy families were playing wooden and rag dolls.It came at a time of porcelain dolls were very expensive.In Russia, for example, the children of the royal family of dolls given only on holidays.But the king's daughters, as well as girls from rural families, a child taught to sew dolls with their own hands.They played that fashioned themselves.The difference was only in the fact that the Grand Duchesses were sewn to a self-made outfits purchased abroad porcelain heads and their counterparts from the people satisfied with the whole rag doll.Typically, such a doll stuffed with straw, sawdust, leaves, feathers, scraps of fabric left over from the mother after work on adult clothing.In fact, clothing dolls in general repeated the clothes of people who created them.Facial features were embroidered or applied ink and paint with natural dyes - tea, berry juice or juice of the leaves.In the XIX century began to open factories for the manufacture of dolls.This was preceded by the invention in the 1800s of two new materials: composite (mixture of wood chips, paper, ash, eggshell), and papier-mache (a mixture of paper, sand, flour and cement), which replaced the expensive wood and significantly reduced the cost of production.In the first years of Soviet power dolls were declared "bourgeois relic."In the 1930s, the factories began to produce only celluloid PUPS, and in the 1950s, and they were taken out of kindergarten: it was thought that they were cultured babes maternal feelings.Instead PUPS appeared dolls "with ideological content", "athlete", "schoolgirl", "doctor".For the production of dolls used rubber, plastic and vinyl, which were much more durable composite and papier-mache.At the end of the Soviet era it was vinyl doll with glass eyes, which rolls with every bow, and a battery that allowed the doll to "speak."Then the "vocabulary" dolls are often limited to one word: "Mama", and modern analogues of the dolls sing songs, offer to meet and, judging by the reaction of children, make it very natural.
3
today in stores a huge selection of children's dolls and dolls of adults, with European, Slavic and Asian individuals from different kinds of materials.The interest in the dolls understood.They provide an opportunity to get acquainted with the history, look at the past to understand what were the tastes and what is considered the true embodiment of beauty.Collectible dolls - the perfect gift.Collectors of dolls is a very special people.Dolls for them - not only collectible, and some surprising creature that lives in their home and creates around himself an aura of beauty.Collector has for each doll a completely unique and warm feeling.After all, life is a little doll!