It all started with a science fiction tales, legends, dreams of mankind about something unknown and distant.However, technical capabilities that could fulfill a fantasy of the ancient Chinese, the Iranians, the Babylonians, Jules Verne and HG Wales in reality there was only in the early 20th century and is connected with the name of the great Russian scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky.It should be noted that the first attempt to launch space objects were made of German missile in 1944, but in practice the first space flight occurred October 4, 1957, and it was made artificial earth satellite, built in the mighty S
oviet Union.
real triumph of humanity in the matter of development of space open spaces after sending into space and the large number of successful and not-so test was the launch of the astronaut, whose name is now known to any inhabitant of the planet.This is Yuri Gagarin, the first person in the world, which in 1961 had been in space about 108 minutes and landed safely in the village of Saratov region.Already on May 5 this year, US astronaut Alan Shepard on "Mercury-3" has risen up to a distance of 186 kilometers.
later began group departures, which were carried out at the space station "Mir", "Salute" and so on. D. On the way to the progress of humanity is impossible to stop every year thundered new names introduced to the life of the newinventions, new technologies are developed.Beginning of the space race countries.
In 1968, the people managed to master, and the lunar surface, this heroic deed belongs to a group of Americans consisting of Armstrong, Collins and Aldrin, who stayed in uncharted planet 21 hours.Such landing has been repeated in 1971.And in 1075, the first space docking ships cooperating in the open space.
One of the prominent names beginning era of space exploration is the name of Sergei Korolev, it was he who drafted and sent into orbit a great many satellites, missiles and ships, controlled automatically from Earth.Under his direct leadership to build a "Gagarin", "East", developed by the station, which later were used to study the lunar surface, it is his thoughts belong to such ships as "Venus", "Probe", multi-seat "Sunrise", which has become the platformwith which people made their first step into space.
Today ambitious humanity, inspired by their successes, hopes to go further ahead of Mars exploration, the discovery of new planets, study their structure, material properties, and possibly the creation of intergalactic colonies liveable.