prejudices called judgment that a person does not even try to expose a reasonable ("the rational") critical analysis.Prejudices are in the form of superstition, social stereotypes, pseudoscientific beliefs.

Prejudices and thinking

Paradoxically, it is the origin of prejudice is rooted in the "sanity" - logical thinking.Its main function is to find regularities in predicting events based on experience, so the logical thinking is very afraid of chance and chaos.Lack of information on the basis of which to make forecasts, "cuts the ground from under the feet" of logical thinking.If the objective is not no laws, it is in an attempt to "find" any starting to create them.
typical example of such a finding false laws - the stereotypes of social percept
ion is one of the most dangerous categories of prejudices.

At a meeting with a stranger there is some uncertainty, because it is not known what to expect from it, how to communicate with him.And the human mind trying to predict the communication, "guessing" the personal qualities of the interlocutor for any detail, whether it is nationality, profession, age, or feature of the exterior.In most cases, such judgments are negative, because the main task of forecasting - the avoidance of dangerous situations, "blonde - hence, the mind is no different", "teenager - means a bully and a drug addict," etc.

Critical analysis could easily break such judgments.A person might wonder what the connection may exist between hair color and intelligence, were taken from healthy and be law-abiding adults, if all teens used drugs.However, a critical analysis is not followed.A person can find plenty of clever and decent teen blondes, but they will be perceived as exceptions to the rule.

Prejudice and Society

Many prejudices man learns through group influence.Belonging to a particular social group, be it family, school class, professional group or nation, a person learns all of its group norms, including prejudices.A key principle in this process - "all say," Who are the "all" - is unclear.For example, a person can not remember when and who first told him that a black cat brings bad luck or genetically modified products vredny- but he continues to believe in it.

persistence of such prejudices is determined by the amount of people that divide them.For example, in the first years after World War II most of the population of the USSR was convinced that "all Germans - the Nazis."As soon as the people were born and grew up, we had no negative experiences with the Germans, this prejudice is gradually eroding, and today under his authority are few older people who remember the war.Today's children, this stereotype is not digested, even if the deal with the great-grandparents.

Prejudices and experience

In some cases, prejudices based on personal experience.This occurs if the familiarity with some phenomenon or social group is negative.In particular, if a person hardly familiar with a particular social group, related to one of its member can be transferred to the group as a whole.For example, people first came to the Orthodox church, there he was someone harshly reprimanded - and since then it is certain that Orthodox Christians do not differ tolerance and tact.

This mechanism of prejudice should be remembered, find themselves in the position of the representative of a particular social group.For example, a Russian who abuse alcohol abroad, not only sets up others against me personally, but also reinforces the stereotype of the famous "all Russian - a drunkard."