term "lynching" came to the United States.Its origin is linked with the names of the two Americans, who wore a name, and implement the practice.

Charles Lynch

Charles Lynch (1736-1796) was a colonel in the irregular troops of the American colonists during the Revolutionary War.It was a difficult time for America.Its inhabitants were not so unanimous in their desire to win independence, as is often shown in Hollywood movies.There were also those who supported the British authorities.As is always the case in troubled times, there were many who want to make money, the civil war was accompanied by a surge in crime.

This situation demanded restore order through the "iron hand."I understand this and Colonel Charles Lynch.He created his own Beckford in the district court.However, his actions
did not resemble "lynching" in the modern sense: he did not send anyone to the gallows, without listening to the point.But Lynch took the decision alone - neither the prosecution nor the defense in this "court" was not.

Lynching and racism

Another version links the origin of the term with the name of the officer William Lynch.This man lived in the second half of the 18th century.Pennsylvania.In 1780, this man, using personal authority, sentenced people - without trial - to corporal punishment.It was just about the beating, but not murder.In most cases the victims were negros.

According to another version, William Lynch was a planter, a famous massacre of his black slaves.

But if the term "lynching" originated in the late 18th c., The approval of such a practice in the United States is in the 60 th years.19 in.After the Civil War, the population of the southern states, and suffered from the tyranny of the northern invaders, and the actions of the Negro, who, having received freedom, we were glad to take revenge on former owners.It was then, and begin the numerous murders of blacks without trial.

lynched blacks were subjected not only for violation of the "Jim Crow" - legislation enshrining racial discrimination - but also on suspicion of any crime.It is suspected, because of the investigation and the judicial proceedings with the prosecutor, defense counsel and the jury was out of question.Not always lynching carried out spontaneously unorganized crowd - it can direct the sheriff or the mayor of a small town.

victims of lynchings became not only negros, but also all those who do not fall into the category WASP («white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant") - a privileged part of American society: Jews, Italians, Catholics.Most often lynching constitute torture, followed by hanging or burning at the stake, but there was also a softer version: smeared with tar and feathers get covered in man sneaking around the city riding on a log, and then expelled from the city.

government formally condemned the lynching, but really not trying to do anything.Even President Roosevelt decided not to fight this phenomenon by legislation, for fear of losing voter support.

Only after World War II, the practice of lynching in the United States comes to naught, losing moral support in the community.