What are the litigants
In most civil and commercial cases by the parties in the dispute are the plaintiff and the defendant.Civil plaintiffs and defendants can also take part in criminal proceedings in the framework of claims for harm caused by the crime.The plaintiff and the defendant referred to as the parties to the framework of action proceedings, ie when there is a dispute about the law.In other types of cases the parties may be labeled differently.Thus, in the writ proceedings involving the claimant and the debtor.In cases arising from public relations and special proceedings initiated to court favor the applicant.
plaintiff is a person (legal or natural), which apply to the court for protection of violated, unrecognized or disputed rights or interests.Also, refer to the plaintiffs and
those on whose behalf an action is brought by a third party.In turn, the defendants are those which addressed the claims.
In one dispute may be several plaintiffs, and 2 or more defendants.This is called procedural complicity.For example, a plaintiff may bring an action to multiple defendants.Similarly, several of the plaintiffs can file a joint claim to a single respondent.
What rights does the plaintiff
Before the start of the trial, the court explains the rights and obligations of the parties.After that, the court should make sure that their content is understandable for the parties and does not require further explanation.
plaintiff, as a party in the case, a number of procedural rights.So, he can change the subject and cause of action, abandon it, or to increase or decrease the claims.Changing the subject of the claim will take place when the substantial changes the essence of the claim.For example, initial claims for the recovery of debts are replaced by the transfer of property.Reasons to look for me in connection with the revision of the arguments, which were originally established claims.Thus, the requirements themselves remain unchanged.
plaintiff can be initiated between the parties enter into a settlement agreement.It refers to a document in which the parties stipulate the procedure for settlement of mutual claims.Since the approval of the court settlement, the proceedings shall be terminated.
plaintiff also has many other rights.It can appear in court in person or through a representative, to provide oral or written explanations on the merits of the dispute, petitions and objections, present evidence and participate in the study.As part of generating new evidence, the plaintiff may raise the question of their vindication by the court.In addition, the plaintiff is entitled to familiarize with the case materials and make extracts and copies, including by technical means.
If the plaintiff does not agree with the decision, he further has the right to appeal to the appeal and cassation, as well as to seek its revision otherwise prescribed by law manner.