Designing buildings start with a study of the construction site.Refer to the relevant organizations to explore the geological properties of the soil, seismicity of the area and determine the climatic region.There should be a unified system of transport and road network construction site, the technical possibilities for engineering support area, the maximum preservation of the environment, historical and cultural monuments.
to the drafting of design and estimate documentation, which must correspond to GOST 21.1101-2009 and Unified system for design documentation (ESKD).Complete working drawings should include floor plans, sections, elevations, floor plans, plan of roofing components, fragments, specifications for the sc
In drawing up floor plans apply focal axis defined with the name of the premises and the area, select the thickness of the walls, partitions, window sizes and door openings.Floor plans should include the designation of slopes and explication.In terms of roofing select expansion joints, fire escapes, ventilation shafts.
Select the design and type of foundation.It happens on the pile natural or artificial foundation in the form of sheets, tapes fields.It all depends on the design loads acting on the foundation and the concrete conditions of construction sites.Calculations of piles, foundations and bases are made using materials and soil characteristics.
Do not forget about the location of the structural elements corresponding to them about the specification.Provide information about the loads and impacts on the locations of foundation beams, block basement walls, columns, relations between columns, crane girders.
projected building must comply with fire protection requirements.The degree of fire resistance (ie the use of combustible and non-combustible materials) depends on the height of the building and the floor, width of corridors and doorways.The building shall be designed so as to avoid the risk of injury to people during operation.