Numerous archaeological studies show that agriculture originated 10-12 million years ago in the so-called Fertile Crescent - the Middle East region with abundant natural irrigation, and hence with fertile soils.In this area there were different types of wild grasses and legumes that people used before as they cultivate.
There are several hypotheses about how and why the transition from the collection of wild plants for their cultivation, but none of them is a priority, the researchers agree on one thing - farming emerged in several areas regardlessfrom each other.
The oldest theory is that of Gordon Childe, who proposed the term - the Neolithic Revolution.Child suggested that people
become engaged in farming in rare oases, which remained on the ground, frozen ice age.But this theory does not hold water, because according to studies related to the emergence of agriculture since the post glacial period.
Another theory links the emergence of agriculture with some new religious cult, which urged people to stay close to the dead ancestors, that is, change the nomadic life to settled.
is believed that the increase in the number of people connected with agriculture, but there is a theory that people had to deal with the cultivation of plants, because the population was too large, and subsist by hunting and gathering has become impossible.
fiesta interesting hypothesis: Scientists suggest that ancient people loved to arrange crowded holiday, and for them it was necessary to stock a large number of products, which is only possible in the construction of special buildings for storage.
That the emergence of agriculture has led to the emergence of the first civilizations, cities, making people more independent of the climatic conditions.