Marxist approach to the typology of society
In his typology of the company founders of Marxism came from them developed the materialist conception of history.The basis of the division was originally put the method of production of material goods, characteristic of a given society.This characteristic makes the unity of the history and integrity of civilization.In determining what type of a particular society, Marxists take into account the nature and level of development of the productive forces and the superstructure.
Karl Marx introduced into scientific use the concept of socio-economic system, which constitute the backbone of the relationship betw
een people in the production process.It is believed that in the development community consistently passes through five of these formations: the primitive, slave, feudal system, capitalism and communism.Each of these types of society in its progressive stage performs a function, but is becoming outdated and hampers the development of naturally replaced by other formations.
from traditional society - to a postindustrial
In modern sociology widespread different approach, according to which allocated the traditional, so-called industrial and post-industrial types of society.This classification shifts the emphasis from the consideration of the prevailing mode of production and thus the characteristic of public relations for a particular way of life of society and the level of technological development.
For a traditional society characterized by an agrarian lifestyle.Social structures are not different mobility.The relationship between the members of a society are built on long-established and deep-rooted traditions.The most important social structures - family and community.They stand guard over the traditions, thwarting any attempts to radical social change.
industrial society - much more modern type.For economic activity in a society characterized by deep division of labor.The status of members of the society is determined, as a rule, the social functions of the individual, his profession, qualifications, education and experience.In such a society are allocated specific controls, monitoring and enforcement, form the basis of statehood.
In the middle of the last century, Western sociologists have put forward the concept of the so-called post-industrial society.The need for such an approach was caused by the rapid development of information systems, the increasing role of information and communication in society.That is why the post-industrial society is also often called information.Human activities in the post-industrial world is less connected with material production.Constitute the basis of life processes of processing, storage and transmission of information.Modern society, sociologists say, is at the stage of active transition to this type.