Guide
1
Although the beginnings of philosophical ideas can be found in the Sumerian and ancient Egyptian literature, the origin of philosophy and ethics in the modern sense can only speak from the time of ancient Greece.Early ancient Greek philosophy was closely linked with the mythology, and therefore the first issues dealt with by philosophers, were ontological character.Thinkers primarily interested in how the world appeared and people.Later philosophers interests widened.
2
ethics originates from the works of the Sophists.The representatives of this school of thought have discovered that the laws of nature are not identical to the laws of human society.Also sophists stressed that social laws are different from state to state and, therefore, not unconditional and universal.Aristotle expanded the range studie
d ethics issues, adding to them the problem of understanding the benefits of virtue and expediency.
3
Since the time of ancient Greece, ethical issues have become an integral part of the major directions of philosophical thought.However, with the development of ethical interest in its various areas of change.If in the framework of the most important concepts of ancient philosophy was the concept of good, happiness and unhappiness, in Christian ethics has an important place for the first time a question of justice.In particular, the very controversial issue was the theodicy - the justification and explanation of the injustices of the world, provided the existence of an all-powerful and all-good God.
4
In the Renaissance philosophers have increasingly concentrated on finding the source of ethical principles of human societies.In the XIX-XX centuries in the framework of ethics are increasingly began to rise questions the meaning of life.Thus, we can conclude that ethics as a branch of philosophy, which arose in ancient Greece, does not remain unchanged, continuing to vary depending on the problems and issues of interest to society in the most concrete historical period.