To determine hand light on hours , point the hour hand at the sun.For greater precision, you can be guided by the shadows of the vertically standing object - a tree, a pole, a plumb.Set the arrow parallel to this shade.
Given summer and daylight saving time in Russia the sun is in the south in the summer and 14 hours in 13 hours - in winter.Mentally divide in half the angle between the hour hand and the direction of the numbers 1 or 2, depending on the time of year - the bisector indicates the direction of the south.This method is more accurate, the farther from the equator.In mid-latitudes in the summer of accuracy of this method can reach 20 degrees.In the southern hemisphere in a manner determined by the direction of the north.
If you do not watch the arrow, the dial can be drawn, trying as close as possible to break it up into sections in the upper right quadrant.Instead clockwise direction immediately spend in the sun.
To determine the location of the parties light at night, you first need to calculate where the sun should be.To do this, visualize the full moon, draw the radius and divide it into 6 parts.Look at the real crescent moon and count how many of these parts may be contained in the visible portion of the lunar disk.The number to remember.
Notice of hours exact time.If the moon is decreasing (sickle resembles the letter S - the "old"), at the time of observation, add the resulting number if growing - subtract.You will get a new number.Mark it on the watch dial and send a note to the moon.Then mentally draw a corner, one side of which is the direction of the moon, and the other - on the number 1 or 2 in the summer in the winter, and divide it in half in the same way as in the orientation of the sun.Bisector will indicate the direction to the south.
In determining the cardinal keep watch horizontally.
determine increases or decreases the moon, you can with the help of simple tips: if the crescent moon resembles the letter C - waning moon, the "old".If the crescent moon to mentally add a vertical line, and then it will be like the letter P - Moon rising, "young".