in ancient sources referred to the Ural Mountains Riphaeus or Hyperborean.Russian explorers called them the "Stone".The place name "Ural" is taken, most likely because of the Bashkir language and means "stone belt."The usage is the name entered geographer and historian Vasily Tatishchev.

How did



Ural Ural Mountains stretched a narrow strip of more than 2000 km from the Kara Sea to the steppes of the Aral Sea region.It is assumed that they originated about 600 million. Years ago.Some scientists believe that a few hundred million. Years ago, Europe and Asia broke away from the ancient continents and gradually approaching, collided with each other.Their edge in places collision crumpled, some part of the earth's crust squeezed something, on the contrary,
goes inside, formed cracks and wrinkles.Giant pressure leads to delamination and molten rocks.Extruded onto the surface of the structure to form a chain of the Ural Mountains - seam connect Europe and Asia.

Advances and faults of the crust took place here more than once.Within a few tens of millions of years of the Ural mountains were exposed to the ravages of natural disasters.Their tops were smoothed, rounded, becomes lower.Gradually the mountain acquired a modern look.

hypothesis to explain the formation of the Ural mountains, abound, but the theory of the joint that connects Europe and Asia, allowing more or less intelligible to link together the most contradictory facts:
- finding almost on the surface of rocks and sediments can be formed only deep in the bowels of the earth in aenormous temperatures and pressures;
- the presence of siliceous plates clearly oceanic origin;
- sandy river sediment;
- brought valunchatye glacier ridge, etc.
Definitely the following: Earth as a separate cosmic body there are about 4.5 billion. Years.In the Urals found rocks, whose age - no less than 3 billion. Years, and none of the modern scholars do not deny that the universe was still in the process of decompression of cosmic matter.

climate and resources of the Urals



climate can be defined as the Ural mountains.Ural ridge serves as a dividing line.To the west of it the climate is milder and rainfall is more.To the east - continental, drier, with a predominance of low winter temperatures.

Urals Scientists divide into several geographic areas polar, subpolar, North, Central, South.The highest, undeveloped and inaccessible mountains are located in the Pre-Polar and Southern Urals.Middle Urals most populated and developed, and the mountains there are the lowest.

the Urals found 48 kinds of minerals - chalcopyrite, skarn-magnetite, titanomagnetite, oxide nickel, chromite ore, bauxite and asbestos, coal, oil and gas fields.Also found deposits of gold, platinum, precious, semi-precious stones.

the Urals, there are about 5000 rivers flowing into the Caspian Sea, the Barents and Kara seas.Ural River is extremely heterogeneous.Their features and hydrological regime is determined by the differences of terrain and climate.In the polar regions the river is small, but they are abounding.Rapids, swift river Subpolar and Northern Urals, originating on the western slopes of the mountains, flow into the Barents Sea.Small and rocky mountain rivers that originate on the eastern slopes of the ridge, fall into the Kara Sea.The rivers of the Middle Urals numerous and abounding.The length of the rivers of the South Urals is small - about 100 km.The largest of them - Uy, Miass, the Urals, Uvelka, Ufa, Ai, Gumbeyka.The length of each is 200 km.

biggest river Ural region - Kama, is the largest tributary of the Volga, has its origins in the Middle Urals.Its length is 1805 km.The total bias of the Kama from the source to the mouth - 247 m.

the Urals, there are about 3327 lakes.The deepest lake is great Shchuchye.

Russian explorers came to the Urals with Ermak.But, according to scientists, mountainous country has been inhabited since the Ice Age, iemore than 10 thousand. years ago.Archaeologists have found here a huge number of ancient settlements.Who are the Urals republic of Komi, Nenets, Yamalo-Nenets and Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District.The original inhabitants of the Urals are Nenets, Bashkir, Udmurt, Komi, Komi-Perm Tatars.Presumably, the Bashkirs came here in the tenth century, Udmurtia - in V, the Komi and the Komi-Perm - in X-XII centuries.