Maria Sklodowska, who was born in 1867 in the capital of Poland - Warsaw, from childhood had a penchant for science.Despite all the difficulties in their study-related restrictions in this area for the female at the time, it has made impressive progress in his favorite subject.The second part of his name - Curie - she got when she married the French physicist Pierre Curie.

Scientific discoveries Maria Sklodowska-Curie


main field of application of their outstanding ability Marie Sklodowska-Curie chose the study of radioactivity.On the topic, she worked with her husband, by studying the properties of a variety of radioactive elements.Most of their experiments were carried out using one of the most common minerals uraninite: a total of years of work, they used more than eight tons
of ore.

result of this hard work was the discovery of two new elements, which were previously not available in the prior art system chemicals - Table.By studying the different factions, formed as a result of experiments on uraninite, wife highlight the item, which is an agreement between the named radium, linking it with the Latin word Ā«radiusĀ», which means "ray".The second element obtained by them in the course of research, got its name in honor of Poland - the birthplace of Maria Sklodowska-Curie: he was named polonium.Both of these discoveries took place in 1898.

However, constant work with radioactive elements could not have a negative impact on the health researcher.She fell ill with leukemia and July 4, 1934, died at the home of her husband in France.

recognition of scientific discoveries


Marie Sklodowska-Curie was recognized as an outstanding researcher during his lifetime.In 1903, the Nobel Committee awarded the Curies Prize in Physics for their studies of radioactivity.So Maria Sklodowska-Curie became the first woman - Nobel laureate.In 1910 she was nominated as a candidate for membership in the French Academy of Sciences.However, the scientific environment at the time was not ready to ensure that among its members was a woman: before this case its members were only men.As a result, by a margin of only two votes were negative decision.

However, in the next, in 1911 the Nobel Committee has once again recognized its scientific merits - this time in the field of chemistry.She was awarded the prize for the discovery of radium and polonium.Thus, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, is twice winner of the Nobel Prize, the winners of these women do not exist to this day.