Description Observatory

Telescopes "Keck" - a mirror-type device with a diameter primary mirror 10 meters.Each of which, in addition, and is composed of 36 different segments."Keck I» and «Keck II» can work individually and together to form a single astronomical interferometer.

observatory owes its appearance to the William Myron Keck, which in 1985 allocated $ 70 million to fund innovative project then.Construction equipment was carried out for a long time - the construction of the first ended in 1993, and the second - in 1996.

device works Telescopes - Ritchey-Chrétien, according to which each of the primary mirror is composed of 36 segments of the right corner, combined in a single structure, and manufactured in the German factory of Schott.The weight of e
ach of them - 500 kilograms, and thickness - 8 cm.

Since 1996, the Observatory has repeatedly improved and updated.In particular, in the 1999th it was equipped with adaptive optics, which increased the quality of work, reducing the interference caused by atmospheric distortion.In 2001, we established the Observatory interferometer telescope through which the two were able to smoothly and effectively work together, being in fact at a distance of 85 meters.

per year to service the observatory "Keck" spent $ 11 million from the state budget.Due to her going and important employment of the population of the Hawaiian Islands: telescopes serves about one-third of the local population.

discoveries and scientific achievements of the observatory, "Keck»

high resolution spectrometer devices allow workers to open the world's largest number of exoplanets.This term is used in astronomy are called planets orbiting stars outside our solar system.Usually they are quite small and have very dim light, in comparison with the stars, so they are not easy to detect.The nearest exoplanet is 4.22 light-years from the sun.

On June 7, 2014 formally approved by the number of exoplanets in modern science the figure in 1795 is estimated at 1 114 planetary systems.Moreover, an important role is played in this unit "Keck I» and «Keck II».

Hawaiian Observatory employees were able to open and the youngest exoplanet, which is currently only in the stage of formation - LkCa 15b.This discovery is very valuable to the world of science, because scientists can get an idea about the formation of Earth and the solar system with all its processes.