human senses - a specialized anatomical and physiological system, whose mission is to obtain information from the environment or the organism itself and the earliest, or primary, the analysis of this information.In other words, the sense organs are obliged to signal to people, dangerous or not this or that event, it is useful or not, whether it is in focus and so on.Language is a contact sense organ, meaning that it is able to evaluate the information only by direct contact with an irritant (as opposed to distant organs of sense, for example, eyes or ears).
Language - is a muscular organ senses, having sixteen muscles, so it is very moving.Mobility lets you quickly try to eat, chew and swallow it, and is extremely important part of breastfeeding, because the baby sucking
the breast is done by means of language.
tongue is covered with mucous membrane.It, in turn, is covered by the taste buds.It is these papillae, in tissues which are the taste buds, allow the person to identify the taste of a particular food.
sensitivity to salty and sweet taste buds meet the special mushroom.They are scattered over the whole area of ​​language other than the central portion.The smallest of them are on the tip, and great - close to the molars.Total may exceed one thousand.These epithelial layer are arranged so-called taste buds, whose cell receptors and produce mouthfeel.
help identify sour taste leaf buds, located mainly on the sides of the tongue and in the palatine arches.These buds are similar to the rise of a circular shape, they are divided into folds, which are located deep in the ducts of serous glands.
the bitter taste meet fluted papillae, they are called papillae, banked.They are near the base of the tongue, their taste buds hidden in the walls of the grooves, the bottom of which open ducts of serous glands.
all taste buds recognize, thanks to the so-called taste buds, or buds, whose receptor system and allows you to identify the taste of a particular food.Nutrients, dissolved saliva enters the bulb and causes the excitation hemoretsetorov.Receptors produce nerve impulses that are transmitted to the brain by the fibers of the facial nerve.The brain decodes the received signal and detects the taste of food.