Parents Mikhail Gorbachev were peasants.The childhood of the future President of the USSR had on the war, the family had to survive the German occupation.Father Mikhail Sergeyevich - Sergei Andreyevich had fought at the front and was wounded twice.
In the postwar years, the farm lacked workers.Mikhail Gorbachev had to combine his studies at the school with the work of a combine on the collective farms.When Gorbachev was 17 years old, his overfulfilment awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor.
Labor childhood did not prevent Gorbachev graduate from high school with a silver medal and entered the law faculty of
Moscow State University.The university Mikhail headed the Komsomol organization of faculty.
In 1953 Mikhail married a student of the Faculty of Philosophy of Moscow State University Raisa Titarenko Maksimovna.They were together until her death in 1999.
Metropolitan Life and the atmosphere of the "thaw" had a great influence in shaping the outlook of the future head of state.In 1955, Gorbachev graduated from university and was sent to the Stavropol regional prosecutor's office.However, Gorbachev found himself in party work.Through the Young Communist League, he makes a good career.In 1962 he was appointed deputy party organizer and becomes the next Congress of the CPSU.Since 1966, Gorbachev had the first secretary of Party Committee of the Stavropol Territory.
good harvest, which were collected in the Stavropol region, have established a reputation as a good manager Gorbachev.Since the mid-70s, he instilled in the province Gorbachev team contract, which brought high yields.Article Gorbachev on methods of rationalization in agriculture were often published in the national press.In 1971, Gorbachev became a member of the Communist Party.Gorbachev was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1974.
Gorbachev finally moved to Moscow in 1978, where he became secretary of the Central Committee on Agriculture
in the 80s in the USSR the need for change is brewing.At the time, no one considered the candidacy of Gorbachev as leader of the country.Gorbachev, however, was able to rally the young secretary of the Central Committee and to get support AAGromyko, who enjoyed great prestige among the members of the Politburo.
In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev was elected General Secretary officially TSKKPSS.He was the main initiator of "perestroika".Unfortunately, Gorbachev did not exist a clear plan for reforming the state.The effects of some of his actions were simply disastrous.For example, so-called anti-alcohol company, through which were cut down huge areas of vineyards, and sharply increased the price of alcoholic beverages.Instead of recovery of the population and increasing life expectancy, was artificially created shortage, people began to drink alcohol artisanal production of questionable quality, the lost and rare grape variety is still not recovered.
soft foreign policy pursued by Gorbachev, led to a radical change in the entire world order.Gorbachev withdrew Soviet troops from Afghanistan, stop the "cold war" and has played a huge role in the unification of Germany.In 1990, Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution to the easing of international tension.
inconsistency and stripped some of the reforms in the country have led to the deepest crisis of the Soviet Union.It was at the time of Gorbachev's rule begin flashing bloody ethnic conflicts in Nagorno-Karabakh, Fergana, Sumgait and other regions of the state.Mikhail Gorbachev, as a rule, have not been able to influence the resolution of the bloody ethnic wars.His reaction to the events was always very vague and belated.
first from the Soviet Union decided to leave the Baltic republics: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.In 1991 in Vilnius during the storming of the TV tower Soviet troops killed 13 people.Gorbachev began trying to distance itself from these events and said he did not give the order to storm.
crisis, which finally ruined the Soviet Union, took place in August 1991.Former associates of Gorbachev organized a coup and defeated.In December 1991, the Soviet Union was dissolved and Gorbachev was forced to resign from his post as president of the USSR.
Life after power
After Gorbachev's political career is over, he begins to lead an active social life.Since January 1992, Gorbachev served as president of the International Foundation for Socio-Economic and Political Studies.
In 2000, he created the Social Democratic Party (SDPR), which was headed until 2007.
On the day of his eightieth birthday, March 2nd, 2011, Gorbachev was awarded the Order of St. Andrew.
In March 2014 Gorbachev welcomed the outcome of the referendum in Crimea and called the Crimea to Russia correcting historical errors.