1953: the first year of
this year went down in history not only the death of Generalissimo Stalin, but the end of "bloody" epoch of Lavrenty Beria.
key figures of the conspiracy against the seemingly all-powerful Minister of Internal Affairs began Nikita Khrushchev and headed by the Department of Defense Nikolai Bulganin and Marshals Georgy Zhukov.
1954: The Island of Crimea
One of the "strange" decisions of Khrushchev was the transfer of the Crimea, which was part of legitimately part of the RSFSR, as a gift of the Ukrainian SSR.
After 60 years, this political act pl
ayed the role of detonator grand political events.And in the Crimean autonomy, and in has gained its sovereignty Ukraine.
1955: can not give birth to prohibit
November 23, the Soviet leadership was pleased the country's women.It abolished the taboo on the voluntary termination of pregnancy - abortion.
1956: The bombshell
February 25 completed the Twentieth Party Congress, performing the furor.More precisely, not even Congress itself, and the closed Plenum of the Central Committee.It Khrushchev read instantly became famous report "On the Personality Cult and its Consequences", which contained an impossible before that criticism of Stalin and his policies.
It was after this plenum, and let his decisions were not published in open sources, the liberation of the camps and exile of millions of repressed.And later - and rehabilitation.For many, unfortunately, posthumously.Even this year, the beginning of the virgin lands and the suppression of the Hungarian uprising by Soviet tanks.
1957: Long live the "cold war"!
For some, this year, due to take place in Moscow World Festival of Youth and Students was the beginning of the "Khrushchev thaw."But for others, after a successful test an intercontinental ballistic missile - the start of the "cold war."
In October, again on the initiative of Khrushchev ever "released" from his post as defense minister and removed from the Presidium of the CC Georgy Zhukov. Opala "Marshal of the Victory" Georgy Zhukov - a painful reaction to the head of the Soviet Union received from the organs of state security information about a possible conspiracy of the military.
1958: Scorer Streltsov
USSR national football team for the first time took part in the World Championships.But Sweden did not go to the best player of the team Eduard Streltsov, shortly before the start of the tournament devoid of, at the direction of Khrushchev's freedom.
1959: The visit of Khrushchev's "lair of the enemy»
In September, Nikita Khrushchev was the first leader of the Soviet state, not just an official visit to the US, but there had spent talks with President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1961: "Let's go!»
first year of the decade the world remembered thanks to two extraordinary events.It had to do both and Khrushchev.
April 22 went into space the first human - Yuri Gagarin.But August 13 was built the Berlin Wall, the division of Germany into two zones.
1962 missiles for Cuba
Year "Cuban missile crisis".The Cuban revolution and military assistance to the country by the Soviet Union could result in World War III.After October 62nd Soviet submarines had aimed the missiles with nuclear warheads in the US and were just waiting for the team of Nikita Khrushchev.
About the same, by the way, the team which received the soldiers of the North Caucasus Military District, was shot demonstrating citizens in Novocherkassk ... reason for placing submarines, ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads and units in Cuba was outrage Khrushchevthe advent of American missiles near the Soviet border - in Turkey.
1963 are no longer friends
just a few months, the Soviet leadership has managed to quarrel immediately with two recent allies.But if the conflict with Albania can be considered local, the rupture of relations with the scandalous began to gain its power turned China, they say, a good long time.
1964: The Last Hero
One of the final acts of Nikita Khrushchev as First Secretary and President of the Council of Ministers with the status of "strange", is awarding them the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union, Algerian President Ahmed Ben Bella.
Just one year African President shared the fate of the awards the, deprived of his post and power.