main features of patriotism are proud of the culture and achievements of the state, identifying himself with his compatriots, the willingness to subordinate their own interests to the interests of the state, the readiness to defend the homeland in the dangerous moments.The source of patriotism is the existence for thousands of years the various states that caused the attachment to the culture of their country, language and traditions.The patriotism of nation-states is an integral part of the consciousness of society.
The following types of patriotism:
- polis (took place in the ancient city-states, which called the policy);
- ethnic (its foundation is the love of his own ethnic group);
- Imperial (loyalty to the empire and its governme
- state (the love of their own state, also called nationalism);
- leavened (jingoism, which is a consequence of excessive love for his country and people).
At various times during the history of patriotism had different meanings.For example, in ancient times there was patriotism in relation to their own city-states.At the same time, for example, there was no patriotism obschegrecheskih.During the Roman Empire, various attempts of creating obscherimskogo patriotism with the aim to keep all power in the hands of Rome.In the Middle Ages it had no idea of ​​the relevance of which it regained in modern times.In the days of the French and American bourgeois revolutions of patriotism and nationalism meant essentially the same thing.This nationalism is understood not ethnically and politically.
universalist ethic considers patriotism unacceptable.It is alleged that the person is not only connected with the people and the state, but with the world as a whole.Typically, patriotism is opposed to cosmopolitanism.