end of the 18th century became a turning point in French history.The French Revolution, which began with the taking of the Bastille in 1789, laid the foundation in the development of the republican country.
revolution itself occurred because of unstable monarchy, which was built on a series of compromises between the government and private estates.Interests of the bourgeoisie and the State of privileged groups protected, and peasant labor excessively exploited.As a result, this has led to the fact that France began to lag behind in the development of other countries.Intellectuals could not fail to notice this: in a society rumors, trust in government has been lost.
conducted Louis XVI reforms have led to the collapse of a centuries-
old system.The revolution and the future of the republic were under the slogan: "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity", which clearly demonstrate how the people managed to suffer much during the monarchy.
of France First French Republic was proclaimed during the revolution and officially lasted 12 years from 1792 to the coming to power of Napoleon Bonaparte.During this time, there were three of the Constitution, which changed the name of order and authority, but the decision was confirmed by the Decree of the National Convention of the unitary state.
Since 1804, when Napoleon proclaimed himself emperor, a republican regime quickly turned into an authoritarian.It was only from 1848, France was able to briefly return to the republican form of government.The period from 1848 to 1852 is called the "Second Republic" France, whose president was Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, who eventually enrolled as well as his uncle, Napoleon I, proclaimed himself emperor.
«Third Republic" was successful and lasted past 70 years, since 1870.The Constitution, which were adopted during this period, occupied an intermediate state between monarchy and republic, yet it is in these years, France has allied Entente.
«Fourth Republic" developed after the Second World War in 1946.The constitution of this republic was characterized by already well formed and weak parliamentary system of power of the president.
Fifth Republic of France
Since 1958 until today, in France during the "Fifth Republic".From its predecessors the new constitution differs considerably.Now the president has extensive powers (has the right to dissolve parliament) and elected for five years by popular vote.
cause of the "Fifth Republic" was the crisis in Algeria.France '24 could not cope with the situation as a national uprising joined a state army.As a result, the Algerian crisis has led to the present system in France.