the first time in this format, the head of the most powerful nations met in November 1975 in France, at the invitation of its president, Valery Giscard d'Estaing.Then the participants were 6: United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, USA, France and Japan.World economy in crisis.Shutting down production, growing unemployment, inflation, and as a result, social tension.Global problems can not be solved in one, a particular state.At the first summit adopted a declaration G6, offering ways to deal with these troubles.In particular, hailed the rejection of the establishment of discriminatory barriers and aggression in the field o
Next, in 1976 the group entered Canada.Thus, G6 G7 turned into, and in 1996, after making Russia in G8.Member States shall preside in the group one by one, throughout the year.Summits are held annually, usually in summer.Topics for discussion defines next presiding country, it also plays host to guests.In addition to the members of the Group of Eight, the discussion involved the European Commission president and the head of state, which chairs this year in the EU.
Agenda prepared "sherpas" - the leaders of helpers.Enough expressive nickname for people who pull on yourself numerous organizational issues: Sherpa, in the true sense of the word - the name of the people living in eastern Nepal.They are hired as porters and guides for alpine climbing.
Summits are often accompanied by political protests of anti-globalists who believe that developed countries earn an income due to the underdeveloped, and that multinational corporations use their power for evil to ordinary people and the environment.During the summit in 2006 in St. Petersburg shares, together with the anti-globalists, the participants organized the banned National Bolshevik Party, "Left Front" and "Red Youth Vanguard".
Tip 2: What issues are discussed at the summit of "Big Eight" 2012
«Big Eight», or «G8», is an informal international club, which includes eight countries: United Kingdom, GermanyItaly, Canada, Russia, USA, France and Japan.At the meeting, the leaders of these countries discuss the most pressing international issues.The next summit will be held in the US on May 18-19, 2012.
At the meeting, the "Big Eight" countries typically represent their official leaders - presidents and prime ministers.If the head of state, for whatever reason, can not attend the summit, he is replaced by a second person.At the next meeting will be Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev as President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin will not take part in the summit in connection with work on the formation of a new government.He will meet with leaders of other countries in a month, at the summit of the "Big Twenty."
meeting agenda includes the most urgent issues of political and economic security.In particular, it will discuss Iran's nuclear program.Despite assurances from Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad about the exclusively peaceful nature of his country's research in the field of nuclear energy, the leaders of «G8» require the Islamic Republic more tangible evidence that it is not trying to develop nuclear weapons.
One of the major issues on the agenda will be the situation in Syria.Despite the country's recent parliamentary elections, the country is still continuing attacks occur clashes between government troops and rebels.The US and its European allies in favor of the resignation of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.On the other hand, Russia claims the inadmissibility of outside interference in the internal conflict of a sovereign country.What led these interventions it can be clearly seen on the example of Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya.Concerned about the situation in Syria, Russia will act for the solution of the problem through peaceful dialogue the parties involved in the conflict.
The summit also touched on the situation in North Korea.The country's leader Kim Jong-un, continuing the policy of his father, Kim Jong-il, heading for the strengthening of the military power of the country.Unpredictable policy of the country possessing nuclear weapons is a major concern of members of the "Big Eight".They have repeatedly called on Pyongyang to stop work on the improvement of nuclear weapons and ballistic missile development.
lot of attention at the meeting will be devoted to economic issues.Despite the fact that after the economic crisis of 2008, the situation in Europe has stabilized, many euro area countries are still in a very difficult situation.Analysts trying to predict the development of the situation in the case of the collapse of the euro zone, this forecast does not seem impossible.After the election of the new French President Francois Hollande of great importance for the future of the euro zone will have a meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, their meeting is scheduled for May 15.
Traditionally, the summit "Big Eight" discussed human rights issues.There is no doubt that the present Russia Dmitry Medvedev will be asked a series of uncomfortable questions - in particular, to disperse the so-called "March of millions", held in Moscow on May 6 2012.The outcomes of marches and clashes with the police have become hundreds detained and dozens wounded as the police, and among the opposition, one dead.Some media reports say that President Putin has refused to attend the summit because of the reluctance to discuss this topic.However, according to the presidential aide Arkady Dvorkovich, all this is nothing more than the idle thoughts that have no relation to reality.
is no doubt that the summit will be discussed and a number of other issues, as its informal status allows you to raise any topic.That is why the list of the main discussion points will be available only after the meeting.