How did the Mensheviks
Second Party Congress was held in Brussels and London in July 1903.When the agenda there was a question on the election of central party organs, most supporters appeared VILenin, and supporters of his opponent JOMartov made a minority.Thus formed the Menshevik and Bolshevik fraction of the Social Democratic Party of Russia.
victory in the historic vote allowed Lenin called his faction "Bolshevik", which was a winning move in the ideological struggle with his opponents.Martov had no choice but to plead "Mensheviks".However, it should be noted in fairness that the future is often a fraction of Lenin in the actual minority, although the term "Bolsheviks" of the faction entrenched forever.
formation of factions has been caused by fundamental differences in views on the construction of the party that existed between the leaders of the Social Democrats.Lenin wanted to see the party combat and close-knit organization of the proletariat.Martov wanted to create an amorphous association in which membership would be broad enough. Mensheviks did not take strict centralization of the party and did not want to confer broad powers of the Central Committee.
struggle between the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks
Differences of opinion between the two factions of the Social Democratic Party could be traced right up to the victory of the Bolsheviks in the October Revolution.The supporters of Lenin, under his leadership waged an uncompromising struggle against the Mensheviks, trying at the same time preserve the unity of the party.
When the first Russian revolution of 1905-1907 suffered a defeat of the Mensheviks tried to persuade members of the party that is necessary to break with the clandestine activities and switch exclusively to the legal forms of work.Proponents of this view were called "liquidators". Prominent representatives of "the liquidators' movements were PBAxelrod and ANPotresov.
clash of opposing views between the factions was traced very clearly, when the First World War.Among the Mensheviks rapidly gained strength "defencist" views.GVPlekhanov and ANPotresov, for example, recognize a defensive war in Russia and considered possible loss of national tragedy.
VILenin, in turn, sharply criticized "defencists", believing that the party in these conditions should seek the defeat of his government and facilitate the escalation of the civil war in the world, the aim of which would be a victory of the proletariat and the establishment of socialism in the country.
After the victory of the February bourgeois revolution some Mensheviks joined the new interim government and also enjoyed significant influence in the Soviets.Many Mensheviks strongly condemned the seizure of power by the Bolsheviks, which occurred in October 1917.Subsequently, representatives of Menshevism were persecuted and repressed by the new Bolshevik government.