superpower called a state with enormous political influence, which has economic and military superiority over other nations of the world.The geopolitical position of the superpowers allows them to influence the state in the most remote parts of the planet.In today's world superpower should have a strategic reserve of nuclear weapons.
first time the term "superpower" was The used William Fox in 1944 in the book "superpower."After the Second World War, the superpowers were considered three countries: UK, USA and the USSR.UK soon began to lose their colonies, and by 1957 had lost its superpower status.
Until 1991, worldwide there were two superpowers (the USSR and the USA), who led the strongest military-political blocs (the Warsaw Pact and NATO).After the c
ollapse of the Soviet Union's superpower status was only in the United States.To describe this situation was created by the term "hyperpower."But the beginning of the XXI century the United States continues to be the most influential country in the world, but many experts believe that the superpower status may be lost or already lost.Gradually approaching the status of a superpower China.
among political scientists is believed that the era of superpower gone.The current world is becoming multipolar, with several centers of influence and the increasing role of regional and potential superpowers.Potential superpowers today include China, Brazil, the European Union, India and Russia.
Great Powers referred to States that, because of their political influence played a decisive role in the global geopolitical situation.This title is unofficial, it emerged after the Napoleonic wars and entered into the official turnover of Leopold von Ranke.
In recent history, the status of the Great Powers had five countries - members of the UN Security Council.All the great powers involved in the majority of the world's conflicts and are nuclear powers.
are three criteria by which a country may assign the status of a great power.This is her resource potential, "geography of interests" (depending on the territory, which is subject to the influence of powers) and international status.
In today's release of 10 of the great powers: the US, China, Russia, India, Japan, Germany, France, Brazil and the United Kingdom.
Regional powers - is the name of the non-legal states, which, thanks to its economic and political potential to play a major role in the system of international relations in the individual macro-regions.At the same time, in world politics, they do not have much influence, except those of regional powers, which are both great powers.
In today's world, there are 24 regional powers.In Asia, the Middle East is Israel, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Israel.In East Asia - China, Japan and South Korea.In South Asia - India and Pakistan.In South-East Asia - Indonesia.In America - the United States and Canada.In Latin America - Brazil and Mexico.In North Africa - Egypt.In West and Central Africa - Nigeria.In South Africa - South Africa.In Western Europe - France, Germany, Spain, Italy and France.In Eastern Europe - Russia.Oceania - Australia.