State is a key subject of political activity, which provides the management of the company and serves as a guarantor of order and stability in it.The state can also be regarded as a set of political institutions.This includes the government, the courts, the army and so on.
Separate internal and external functions of the state.Among the internal functions can be distinguished:
- political (ensuring order and the functioning of government institutions);
- economic (regulation of economic relations in the country - the definition of market mechanisms, development strategies and so forth.);
- social (the implementation of programs of health, education and cultural support);
- ideological (the formation of the value system of society).
Among the most important external functions called defense (national securit
y), as well as the function of defending the national interests and international cooperation.
The form of heterogeneous states, among them distinguish the monarchy (constitutional and absolute) and republic (presidential and parliamentary mixed).By form of government can be identified unitary states, federations and confederations.
part of the state is perceived as identical concepts for such values as a nation, society, the government, although this is not true.Country - is the concept of cultural geography, while the state - political.Society - a broader concept than the state.For example, we can talk about society at the global level, while the state - are localized and individual society.Government - the only part of the state, an instrument of the political power.
attribute of the state are territory, population, and the state apparatus.The territory of the state is limited to the borders that divide the sovereignty of different countries.It is impossible to imagine without the state and the population, which consists of his subjects.The device maintains a state and development of the state.
distinctive features of the state
State has its inherent characteristics, which have no analogues.
Firstly, it is the territorial organization of power.It is limited by territorial boundaries and the jurisdiction of the state.
Another feature of the state - the universality, it acts on the whole of society (and not its individual teams) and distributes power throughout its territory.State power has a public nature, ie,It provides protection of common interests and benefits, rather than private.
State has a "monopoly on legitimate violence" and has the feature of compulsion.It can use force to enforce laws.State compulsion primary and priority over the right to compel other actors within a given state.
State power also has a sovereign character.It has the feature of the rule with regard to all institutions and organizations within the country and independence in international relations.
state concentrates the main power resources for the implementation of its powers (economic, social, etc.).It has the exclusive right to collect taxes from the population, and the money supply.
Finally, the state has its own symbols (that emblem, flag and anthem) and organizational documents (doctrine, constitution, law).